environment in Belgium
Updated last year

Belgium puts a lot of efforts in preserving the environment and the ecological state of its country. Laws and concepts in place help preserve the Flat Country.

Environmental policy in Belgium

Each region has its own environmental policy. Wallonia applies The Regional Land Use Plan and The Mobility Plan. These two plans take sustainable development into account at a regional level.

In Brussels, the Regional Land Use Plan considers so-called green areas. They include parks and forests. There are also a green and a blue network. These two networks support the integration of biodiversity by defining green areas and wetlands. Even though it is a capital city, Brussels is home to lots of green spaces: forests, gardens, parks, private estates, green cemeteries, etc.

Finally, the Flemish region is equipped with the ecological Flemish network, called Vlaams Ecologisch Netwerk in Dutch. This network gathers the important natural entities, as well as all the existing and developing ones. The Environmental Management Plan of the region is dedicated to implementing environmental objectives in the years to come. It addresses the environment, nature, and energy. It revolves around annual programs helping to reach implemented goals agreed upon between the different institutions working towards it and the region.

Plant Protection

Green spaces and other natural environments in Belgium are under a very delicate protection in every region. Some places are even registered under Natura 2000, a European network of nature protection areas.

What about waste in Belgium?

Belgium uses selective sorting. Inhabitants are requested to select glass, cardboard, plastic, and so-called green waste (fruits, vegetables, peel, herbs, etc.).

In most towns, glass jars, and bottles have to be sorted whether they are transparent or coloured. On the other hand, opaque glass, porcelain, mirrors, and any other type of glass can't be recycled in town. They have to be brought to recycling centres, alongside large items.

As for cardboard and paper, it needs to be clean enough to be recycled. Packages in contact with food (butter tubs, yoghurt pots, etc.), toilet paper, and tissues can't be recycled. They are considered non-selected waste.

Green waste is collected but you can also have a compost bin or bring the waste to recycling centres.

Finally, anything reusable can be donated to second-hand shops, recycling centres, and textile containers: mattress, bedding, furniture in good condition and ready-to-wear.

Fees are given out for polluting a public highway in Belgium and usually, vary from â¬50 to â¬125. This amount can be five times higher if the offence is serious.

Environment-friendly transportation

Belgium developed several Bike Parks and built more bike lanes to help protect the environment. Cycling is a very popular mean of transportation in the country.

When cyclists have an accident with a car, they benefit from additional protection. Whether or not the third party is responsible for the accident, cyclists are eligible to an indemnity from them, based on physical, clothing, and even accessory damage (e.g. glasses.) These measures aim at protecting cyclists but also promote this means of transportation instead of using a car.

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