Living in Tunisia guide

Find out all you need to know to relocate and live in Tunisia with the expat guide

Our selection of articles for expatriation in Tunisia

Opening a bank account in Tunisia

When moving to Tunisia, you will probably want to open a bank account. Find all that you need to know about relating formalities ...

Healthcare in Tunisia

If you are moving to Tunisia, you probably have queries regarding its health care system. Here is an overview.

Work in Tunisia

Wondering how to find a job in Tunisia? Here are some tips to guide you throughout your job search.

Accommodation in Sousse

Wondering how to find accommodation in Sousse? Find some useful information and tips in this article.

Accommodation in Sfax

Looking for accommodation in Sfax? Below are some useful tips to help you get started.

Accommodation in Tunis

If you are looking forward to move to Tunisia, you will probably choose to settle in Tunis. Find out, in this article, how to ...

Accommodation in Tunisia

Looking forward to buy property in Tunisia? Find all that you need to know on relating conditions and formalities in this ...

Retiring in Tunisia

If you are looking forward to retire in a sunny country in a relaxed environment, why not turn to Tunisia? Find out how to ...

Work in Sousse

By choosing to work in Sousse, you should be aware of its labor market's condition and requirements. Here is an overview.

Work in Sfax

As a port and industrial city, Sfax is rather open to foreign professionals. Find out, in this article, how to find a job in this ...

Work in Tunis

Looking for a job in Tunis? Find, in this article, an overview of its labor market and some tips to help you land a job.

Internship in Tunisia

Finding an internship in Tunisia is not a complicated task. Here are some tips to guide you through your search.

The Tunisian economy

Wondering how healthy is the Tunisian economy? Find all that you need to know in this article.

The Tunisian labor market

Can expatriates work in Tunisia? What are the labor market's requirements and conditions? Find out in this article.

Employment of foreign nationals in Tunisia

If you are planning to work in Tunisia, here is what you need to know about its labor market and on the employment of foreign ...

About Tunisia

Despite being the smallest State in the Maghreb region, Tunisia is a quite promising country, bordered by Algeria and Libya. Indeed, it welcomes many expatriates every year for various reasons, namely the various opportunities it provides, its pleasant climate, the affordable cost of living, as well as the variety of accommodation available.

Located in North Africa and at some 140 km from Europe, it enjoys its strategical position to attract foreigners, including workers and investors. In fact, Tunisia is deemed to be an economic reference for Africa. Hence, moving there shall have several advantages, regardless of your situation.

Tunisia is a unicameral parliamentary Republic. Tunis is its capital city.

Geography

Stretching over 164 155 km², Tunisia is found at the North African border, at 220.5 km South of Sicily, that is at a two hours flight from Paris, one and a half hours flight from Geneva and a 50 minutes flight from Rome. Tunisia has not less than 1,300 km of coastlines, excluding its islands. The highest point of Tunisia is the Châambi at 1,544 m.

Sfax, Sousse, Nabeul, Bizerte, Kairouan, Monastir, Mahdia, Gabes, Tozeur, El Kef, Gafsa, Beja, Jendouba, Kasserine, Siliana, Medenine, Tataouine, Kebili, Sidi Bouzid, Zaghouan, Tabarka, Hammamet, Djerba and Zarzis are the major Tunisian cities.

Climate

Tunisia enjoys a Mediterranean climate in the North and along its coastlines. In the center and in the South, the climate is semi-arid.

The average sunshine in the country is several hours a day almost all year round. Temperatures generally vary between 12°C in December and 30.6 °C in July. Hence, in winter, temperatures never go below 10°C.

Rainfall is quite scarce in the country and rather occurs during winter, accounting for 75% of the total yearly record.

Regions

In Northern Tunisia, you will find the Medjerda plains on one side between Kroumirie mountains and Mogods hills, and the "Tunisian dorsal" on the other. The East is bordered by the Tunis Gulf and the Cap Bon Peninsula, specializing in market gardening.

In the Center, mountain ranges are separated by basins and fertile valleys. Further east, near the Sahel and Sfax regions, vast plains are covered with olive trees. Finally, the South, you will find the great Chott Djerid depression and its riparian groves (Tozeur, Kebili and Douz), bordering the Sahara Desert. Djerba, which is a tourist island, is found near the coast while Matmata Mounts are further to the East.

Demography

According to official statistics, the Tunisian population comprises of 11,218,461 inhabitants as at early 2016. The national demographic growth rate accounted for 0.98%.

Most of the local population lives in the major agglomerations such as Greater Tunis including cities like Tunis, Ariana, Ben Arous and Manouba with more than 2 643 695 inhabitants in 2014.

Languages

Tunisia's official language is Arabic which, however, has a local variant known as Tunisian. In the South, you are likely to hear the Tunisian Chelha which is a Berber dialect.

Most Tunisians start learning French at the primary school level, that is as from the third year. In fact, Tunisia is a mainly French-speaking country. French is compulsory at the baccalaureate level. Official texts, for their part, are written in Arabic, and translated in French when it excludes internal and administrative communications, except in the case of those issued by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Justice.

As regards road traffic signs, these are displayed in both French and Arabic. So you better have a good knowledge of either of these two languages when moving there.

Religions

The Tunisian population is known for being open-minded, friendly, tolerant and hospitable. Its openness to the rest of the world might be part of its rich legacy, inherited from great civilizations, as well as African, European and Mediterranean populations.

Most of the Tunisians are of Muslim faith. In fact, Islam is the official religion, but the country also host Jew and Christian communities who practice their faith and belief in complete freedom, thus contributing to Tunisia's cultural diversity and making it a tolerant nation.

Other information

The national motto is 'Horiya, Karama 'Adala, Nizam' (phonetic Arabic), meaning Freedom, Dignity, Justice and Order.

Discover Humat Al-Hima, the national anthem, here: www.youtube.com

The national currency is the Tunisian Dinar.

Tunisia is a member of the United Nations Organization, the International Criminal Court, the African Union, the Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), the Arab League, the Islamic Cooperation Organisation, the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the Non-Aligned Movement, the G77 and the Union for the Mediterranean.

Cost of living

The cost of living in Tunisia is quite affordable. For instance, you will be making considerable savings on buying fresh local products. However, imported products are naturally more expensive.

Note that 1 Euro amounts to some 2.42 Tunisian Dinars (1 Tunisian Dinar = 0.41 Euros in 2016). However, unless you are earning Euros while living in Tunisia, the local cost of living in the country is one of the highest in Africa, especially for those living in the North and in coastal regions. If you are earning in local currency, you should know that the cost of labor is lower. You should thus expect around 180 to 210 Tunisian Dinars per week.

Here is an example of an average budget estimate:

  • 1,000 to 1,500 Euros per month, including rent, for a single person spending rationally
  • 1,500 to 2,500 Euros per month, including rent, for a couple
  • 2,500 to 3,500 Euros per month, including rent, for a couple with two children (taking into account that International schools are paid).

Daily expenses:

  • a single subway or bus trip costs about 1 TND
  • a 10 minutes trip by taxi costs 4 TND
  • a beer or soda can cost between 0.5 and 1 TND
  • a cinema ticket costs 5 TND
  • a menu of the day in a cheap restaurant costs between 10 and 20 TND and around 30 TND in a chic restaurant.

Good to know:

The Tunisian real estate market is quite favorable for expatriates. So if you wish to buy property, you should fairly manage to find a new and comfortable house at an attractive price.

Useful links:

Expat.com ' Tunisia Forum
The Tunisian Government Portal www.tunisie.gov.tn
Maps of World ' Tunisia www.mapsofworld.com

Quick Information

Capital : Tunis
Official Languages : Arabic , French
Currency : Dinar
Area : 163610 Km2
Population : 10589025
Calling Code : +216
Timezone : Africa/Tunis

Tunisia city guide

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