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Living abroad guide

Find information that suits your needs or interests: visa procedures, find a job abroad, accommodation... Expats share info, tips and advice with you.

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Generalities

General information
  • If you want to explore Latin America, Brazil is a country not to be missed. Find out more about its geography, demography, and economy.

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  • Thailand is popular with both tourists and expats intending a more long-term stay.

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  • Finland, known as 'The Land of a Thousand Lakes', entices expats with its natural beauty and its impressive societal advancements.

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  • Situated exactly in between western and eastern Europe, Estonia manages to combine the best of both worlds -- while being a tech pioneer

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Formalities

Visas, passports and entry requirements
  • Getting married in Brazil can be exciting, but there are proper procedures and guidelines to follow whether you are marrying a Brazilian or a foreigner

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  • In order to get married in Australia, both parties must be over 18, unless one is over 16 and there is court approval.

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  • EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand nationals, as well as those of other Schengen countries, do not need a visa to travel to Estonia.

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  • Foreigners in Ireland are allowed to celebrate their civil, secular or religious marriage in Ireland, provided they complete all the required formalities.

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  • It is beneficial to understand New Zealand’s customs policies before you enter the country so as to avoid unnecessary fines and problems at the border.

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Visas

Work visas, work permits, working holiday visas and residence permits
  • Brazil regularly attracts many visitors and expatriates. Before your trip, find out about all the different types of visa requirements through expat.com

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  • To work in Brazil, you must first obtain a work visa which can be challenging. However, if you are qualified, you may find a company to sponsor you.

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  • Nordic citizens and nationals of the EU-ΕΕΑ do not need a visa to work or stay in Finland. For third-country citizens a residence permit is required.

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  • Nationals of the EU-ΕΕΑ do not need a visa to work or stay in Estonia. For third-country citizens, a residence permit is required.

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  • As of October 2014, Ireland offers 9 types of employment permits for foreign workers with requirements dependant on your nationality and circumstances.

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Work

Labour market, how to find a job
  • Brazil is a huge country full of opportunities, but it is also bureaucratic and not very investor-friendly, so you'll need to do some research first

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  • Working as an intern can be a great way to expand your CV. Brazil, the world's 8th largest economy, could be a great country in which to gain experience.

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  • Salvador has a population of 3 million and it is Brazil's third-largest city. It has a diversified economy, but finding a job here will take some diligence

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  • Recife attracts more foreign investment each year, facilitating the creation of thousands of jobs particularly in this sector and many more.

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  • Brasília is Brazil's federal capital and third-largest city with a population of 3 million, and represents one of the country's largest job markets.

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Accommodation

How to rent a house or an apartment, leases and rental agreements
  • Salvador de Bahia is a very popular tourist destination owing to its history, architecture, and preservation of African traditions.

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  • Recife is a modern city with over 1.6 million people. A bustling city, Recife is a major regional business hub, offering many types of accommodation.

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  • Rio de Janeiro is a popular city, with more tourists than any other city in Brazil. Hence accommodation can be difficult to find and expensive.

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  • São Paulo has a large housing market and offers many options, including apartments, residence flats, and shared apartments and houses

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  • Real estate in Brasília, in Brazil's Federal District, is expensive by Brazilian standards. Still, there are reasonably-priced places that you may find.

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Study

Student visa, University registration
  • Would you like to study in Brazil? This country has many high-calibre universities and can be a good choice for international students.

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  • To study in Finland you need a residence permit if youre not a Nordic or EU citizen. You may also need to pay some tuition fees.

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  • If you're looking to study in Vancouver, here is an insight into the local higher education system and some useful information on enrolment formalities.

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  • If you're looking to study in Christchurch, Expat.com gives you an insight into the local higher education system and some useful tips on student life.

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  • If you're looking to study in Kuala Lumpur, Expat.com gives you an insight into the Malaysian higher education system and some tips about student life.

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Health care

Public and private health systems
  • Before visiting Brazil, get a traveller's medical insurance and vaccinations done. If you plan to reside in Brazil, consider purchasing private insurance.

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  • You are entitled to healthcare if youre covered by health insurance in a Nordic or EU country. Third-country citizens can opt for private healthcare.

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  • You are entitled to healthcare if you are employed, self-employed, or you receive unemployment funds in Estonia. Otherwise, you need private health insuran

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  • Ireland has a public healthcare system, but it isn't necessarily free and access to it depends on your residency status. There are also private options.

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  • New Zealand has a public healthcare system, though not all those living there will be eligible. Expats are recommended to get private health insurance.

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Bank

Open and manage a bank account
  • To open a bank account in Brazil you first need a Brazilian residency card. The bank will help you to determine what documentation you will need afterwards

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  • Opening a bank account in Finland is very simple and does not require excessive documentation -- just make sure to ask for online banking as well.

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  • In Estonia, you can do most transactions online. You almost never have to go to a bank branch for your banking needs.

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  • One of the first things you’ll want to do upon moving to Ireland is open a bank account, especially if you plan to earn money and pay bills while there.

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  • If you plan to earn money in New Zealand, it will be most convenient for you to have an account with a bank in the country.

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Tax

Tax system, income tax
  • If you are living and working in Brazil, you will have to pay taxes. You'll also need to pay taxes on any capital gains.

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  • Preview: As in all Nordic countries, taxation in Finland can take up to 42% of your income -- and is deduced directly from your salary each month.

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  • Estonia has a proportional income tax system, with the standard rate of the personal income tax being 20% for everyone.

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  • If you are earning money in Ireland, you are subject to the Irish tax system at the same rates as Irish citizens.

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  • When working in New Zealand for any duration, you will have to register and pay New Zealand income tax on your earnings.

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Transports

Train, bus, plane, car rental
  • Spain has various means of transport for all trips. Public transports such as buses, trains and subways are very popular, especially in urban areas.

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  • There are many means of transport available in Brazil, and the cost to get around is affordable. However, you should allow plenty of time to travel around.

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  • Although Finland is large and sparsely populated country, transport networks (by air, rail, road and water) are reliable and comprehensive.

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  • Transport networks in Estonia work in the same way everything else works in this country: very efficiently, and with a lot of help from technology.

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  • The United Kingdom provides a wide range of public transport. You can choose among aircraft, train, buses, trams, boats, taxis and many more.

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Driver's licence

Driving requirements
  • Short-term expats can drive in Brazil with their driving licence. If you intend to settle in Brazil, you may wish to obtain a Brazilian one

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  • EU nationals are able to convert their licence to a Finnish one, but in some cases you may need to take the driving test.

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  • EU nationals need to register their car after six months. Non-EU nationals need to exchange their drivers licence for an Estonian one after 12 months.

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  • Driving during your stay in Ireland is a great way to explore the country, and depending on where you live, might be an essential part of daily life.

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  • Driving is one of the best ways to fully explore New Zealand, but you must ensure you’re legally and mentally prepared before you get behind the wheel.

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Removal

moving, formalities and useful tips
  • Moving abroad is a big step, and when moving to Brazil, you'll encounter lots of bureaucracy. Familiarise yourself or seek the help of professionals

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  • Finland offers many great relocation services, that can help you out with anything from moving your belongings to the documents you need.

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  • Estonia offers many great relocation services, that can help you out with figuring out exactly what your next steps should be.

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  • Pets are part of the family, so if you’re moving to Ireland and you are a pet owner, you will probably want to bring your animals along for the adventure.

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  • If you’ve decided to permanently settle in Ireland, then you might need a removal company to help you relocate your larger belongings.

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Communications

Phone line, internet provider, post office
  • It's an easy matter to get yourself set up with a cell phone in Brazil. For long-term, you'd want a landline and an affordable way to stay in touch

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  • Internet access is commonplace in Brazil. Although the connection speed and reliability vary, expats can stay connected while in Brazil.

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  • Finland has an extremely well-developed telecoms network that will help you stay in touch with loved ones back home.

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  • The land of Skype has an extremely well-developed telecoms network that will help you stay in touch with loved ones back home.

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  • Telephones are a huge part of modern life, so setting one up for yourself, and knowing how to make calls, will be a priority when you get to Ireland.

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Leisure

Sports, leisure and cultural activities
  • Rio de Janeiro is the most-visited city in Brazil – and with good reason. The Marvelous City, as it is known, is culturally rich and beautiful.

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  • Brazilians love a variety of sports, indoor and outdoor. However, football remains the king of them all.

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  • Brazil may evoke images of white-sand beaches and festive Carnivals. While you'll find these here, Brazil is a diverse country which offers so much more.

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  • Brazil is a wonderful country of warm, welcoming people, incredible natural beauty, and greater diversity than you may have realised. Here are some basics.

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  • Whether youre after adrenaline-rising outdoor activities or sophisticated cultural outings, Finland has something for you.

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Miscellaneous

  • Traveling to Brazil with your cat or dog is possible with proper planning. For other types of animals, you'll need to inquire and receive authorisation.

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  • Visitors to Brazil are permitted to bring in items for their personal use free of duties, subject to limits. Here are some guidelines.

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  • In Brazil, parents have a few choices, both public and private, for the care and education of their younger children.

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  • Finland provides many alternatives for child care and a thorough support system for adoptions, but you need a residence permit to access both.

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  • Estonia is one of the most generous countries when it comes to parental leave. It also offers many helpful processes for daycare and adoptions.

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