Explore Morocco and discover the basics


If you're planning to move to Morocco, find information on the country's demographics, economy, politics, and climate.

Located in the northwest of Africa, Morocco is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, as well as by Algeria, Mauritania, and regions of Spain. Stretching over 446,550 km², it has several major cities, including Casablanca, Agadir, Marrakesh, and Tangier. Rabat is the capital of Morocco, but Casablanca is the economic capital of the country.

Demography

Morocco has a population of over 32 million inhabitants, including a large number of expatriates. The official languages are Arabic and Berber. Most Moroccans speak a dialect of Arabic that is quite different from Standard Arabic. Arabic is the administrative language, and French is the language of business and university studies. Spanish is also spoken in some cities. English is becoming more widely spoken.

Economy

Morocco has been developing very quickly over the past few years. The country ranks in fifth position among the most powerful economies of the African continent, with a GDP of more than $100 billion in 2016. The country's economy is mainly based on the export of phosphates, as well as the agricultural sector.

Policy

Morocco has a constitutional monarchy regime. The king of the country is King Mohammed VI, and Abdelilah Benkirane has been elected Prime Minister. Morocco is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, the Arab League, the Arab Maghreb Union, and the International Organization of the Francophonie.

Climate

Morocco’s climate varies greatly by region.  You can find a hot, dry climate in the Sahara and southern regions, where summers are very hot and winters are only slightly cooler.  At the other extreme, temperatures in the Atlas Mountains go below freezing in the winter, and some areas even get snow during the winter months.  The coastal areas are warm and humid in the summer, and get cooler and rainy in the winter. Make sure to bring lots of layers when visiting Morocco, as it is possible to visit the dry hot desert and cold snowy mountain areas all in one day!