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Living in Europe guide

Find out all you need to know to relocate and live in Europe with the expat guide

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Generalities

General information
  • Finland, known as 'The Land of a Thousand Lakes', entices expats with its natural beauty and its impressive societal advancements.

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  • Situated exactly in between western and eastern Europe, Estonia manages to combine the best of both worlds -- while being a tech pioneer

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  • Ireland is one of Northern Europe's key expat and tourism destinations thanks to its mild climate and stable economy, as well as its rural scenery.

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  • The Netherlands, located between Germany and Belgium, is a member of the European Union. It is popular with expats, who reside largely in urban areas.

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  • Valletta is thе picturesque capital сіtу of thе small іѕlаnd nаtіоn of Malta. It has a rich history and culture that expats can enjoy.

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Formalities

Visas, passports and entry requirements
  • EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand nationals, as well as those of other Schengen countries, do not need a visa to travel to Estonia.

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  • Foreigners in Ireland are allowed to celebrate their civil, secular or religious marriage in Ireland, provided they complete all the required formalities.

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  • Nationals of the EU do not need a visa to travel to Finland. South Africans, Indians and Chinese citizens are among those who need a Schengen visa.

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  • Austrian marriage information for expats planning to marry in Austria. Includes details on legal requirements, application procedures,

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  • European Union citizens are free to travel to the Netherlands without any restrictions whatsoever. But other foreigners have to fill in some formalities.

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Visas

Work visas, work permits, working holiday visas and residence permits
  • Nordic citizens and nationals of the EU-ΕΕΑ do not need a visa to work or stay in Finland. For third-country citizens a residence permit is required.

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  • Nationals of the EU-ΕΕΑ do not need a visa to work or stay in Estonia. For third-country citizens, a residence permit is required.

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  • As of October 2014, Ireland offers 9 types of employment permits for foreign workers with requirements dependant on your nationality and circumstances.

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  • European Union nationals do not require a visa to travel to Ireland. They can simply produce a valid passport for a maximum 90 days stay in the country.

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  • Information on Austrian visas for expats, including requirements for tourist visas, entry and residence permits, and documents needed to apply for visas.

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Work

Labour market, how to find a job
  • You need to be proactive to find a job in Finland, but the state offers many tools and websites to guide and educate potential entrepreneurs.

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  • Want to become a digital nomad in Italy? The digital nomad's guide to Italy will help you make the most of your nomadic life abroad.

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  • Touted as the best country in Europe to find a job Estonia offers work opportunities for expats, especially in the tech field.

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  • Want to become a digital nomad in Estonia? The digital nomad's guide to Estonia will help you make the most of your nomadic life abroad.

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  • Want to become a digital nomad in Russia? The digital nomad's guide to Russia will help you make the most of your nomadic life abroad.

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Accommodation

How to rent a house or an apartment, leases and rental agreements
  • Finding good accommodation at a good price can be particularly hard in Finland, especially in large cities like Helsinki.

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  • Finding good accommodation at a good price is not particularly hard in Estonia, but you need to consider the real estate agent and utility fees.

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  • The Irish housing market is competitive, so it’s important to know the home rental and buying processes, and how to go about finding your new home.

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  • Dublin's different neighborhoods are all interesting in terms of housing, affordable rent prices and other facilities offered.

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  • Finding accommodation in Cork is not a difficult task and prices are likely to be cheaper than Dublin, but this varies by neighbourhood.

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Study

Student visa, University registration
  • To study in Finland you need a residence permit if youre not a Nordic or EU citizen. You may also need to pay some tuition fees.

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  • If you're looking to study in Moscow, Expat.com gives you an insight into the Russian higher education system and some tips about student life in Moscow.

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  • To study in Estonia you need a residence permit if youre not an EU citizen. You may also need to pay some tuition fees.

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  • Ireland is home to many world-class universities in settings full of history and culture, and hosts thousands of international students ever year.

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  • Learn more about studying abroad in Austria, including popular universities for expat students, university admission processes and Austrian student visas.

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Health care

Public and private health systems
  • You are entitled to healthcare if youre covered by health insurance in a Nordic or EU country. Third-country citizens can opt for private healthcare.

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  • You are entitled to healthcare if you are employed, self-employed, or you receive unemployment funds in Estonia. Otherwise, you need private health insuran

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  • Ireland has a public healthcare system, but it isn't necessarily free and access to it depends on your residency status. There are also private options.

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  • An overview for expats of Austrias healthcare system. Learn about public and private health insurance, medical services and pharmacies in Austria.

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  • The Netherlands has a privitised health care system that is highly regulated. Expats should note it is obligatory to have health insurance there.

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Bank

Open and manage a bank account
  • Opening a bank account in Finland is very simple and does not require excessive documentation -- just make sure to ask for online banking as well.

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  • In Estonia, you can do most transactions online. You almost never have to go to a bank branch for your banking needs.

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  • One of the first things you’ll want to do upon moving to Ireland is open a bank account, especially if you plan to earn money and pay bills while there.

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  • How to open a bank account in Austria as an expat. Information on how to open a personal and business bank account, and how credit and debit cards work.

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  • Opening a bank account in the Netherlands will not only help you receive your salary but also pay your monthly utilities bills.

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Tax

Tax system, income tax
  • Preview: As in all Nordic countries, taxation in Finland can take up to 42% of your income -- and is deduced directly from your salary each month.

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  • Estonia has a proportional income tax system, with the standard rate of the personal income tax being 20% for everyone.

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  • If you are earning money in Ireland, you are subject to the Irish tax system at the same rates as Irish citizens.

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  • Austrian expat tax information. What expats in Austria need to know about income tax, sales tax, corporate tax, and double taxation.

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  • There are different types of taxes in the Netherlands: corporate tax, income tax, etc. All residents are subject to the taxation system.

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Transports

Train, bus, plane, car rental
  • Spain has various means of transport for all trips. Public transports such as buses, trains and subways are very popular, especially in urban areas.

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  • Although Finland is large and sparsely populated country, transport networks (by air, rail, road and water) are reliable and comprehensive.

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  • Transport networks in Estonia work in the same way everything else works in this country: very efficiently, and with a lot of help from technology.

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  • The United Kingdom provides a wide range of public transport. You can choose among aircraft, train, buses, trams, boats, taxis and many more.

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  • There are many transportation options in Ireland, whether you plan to stay local in a city centre, or hope to traverse all of the landscapes.

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Driver's licence

Driving requirements
  • EU nationals are able to convert their licence to a Finnish one, but in some cases you may need to take the driving test.

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  • EU nationals need to register their car after six months. Non-EU nationals need to exchange their drivers licence for an Estonian one after 12 months.

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  • Driving during your stay in Ireland is a great way to explore the country, and depending on where you live, might be an essential part of daily life.

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  • Information on how to obtain an Austrian driving licence or an International Driving Permit, the driving requirements, car insurance and other costs.

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  • Driving in the Netherlands is quite particularly given the large number of bikes on the roads. However, conditions are rather simple.

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Removal

moving, formalities and useful tips
  • Finland offers many great relocation services, that can help you out with anything from moving your belongings to the documents you need.

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  • Estonia offers many great relocation services, that can help you out with figuring out exactly what your next steps should be.

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  • Pets are part of the family, so if you’re moving to Ireland and you are a pet owner, you will probably want to bring your animals along for the adventure.

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  • If you’ve decided to permanently settle in Ireland, then you might need a removal company to help you relocate your larger belongings.

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  • Moving to Austria as an expat? Information on planning the move, finding a moving company and customs requirements, including how to relocate with your pet

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Communications

Phone line, internet provider, post office
  • Finland has an extremely well-developed telecoms network that will help you stay in touch with loved ones back home.

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  • The land of Skype has an extremely well-developed telecoms network that will help you stay in touch with loved ones back home.

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  • Telephones are a huge part of modern life, so setting one up for yourself, and knowing how to make calls, will be a priority when you get to Ireland.

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  • Due to the importance and many uses of the internet, chances are you will need to use it and possibly organise a subscription when you settle in Ireland.

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  • Helpful tips for expats in Austria to stay in touch. How to set up your internet, what mobile phone plans are available and where can you find post offices

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Leisure

Sports, leisure and cultural activities
  • Whether youre after adrenaline-rising outdoor activities or sophisticated cultural outings, Finland has something for you.

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  • Whether you want to unplug in nature, or enjoy a vibrant music scene and fusion gastronomy, Estonia has something for you.

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  • Living in Ireland gives you a great opportunity to explore gorgeous landscapes, rich history, and a wealth of culture.

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  • The Irish are very fond of sports, so you can keep following or playing your favourites if you move to Ireland. You may even discover some new ones.

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  • Austrian culture, travel, dining, and shopping information for expats. Places of interest for sightseeing, where to try winter sports and Austrian cuisine.

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Miscellaneous

  • Finland provides many alternatives for child care and a thorough support system for adoptions, but you need a residence permit to access both.

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  • Estonia is one of the most generous countries when it comes to parental leave. It also offers many helpful processes for daycare and adoptions.

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  • The Netherlands is an open and modern country with a great environmental consciousness. Discover the Dutch habits and way of life.

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