Information about Australia


Australia, located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, is located in the Southern Hemisphere. It stretches over most of Oceania with a surface area of 7,692,024 km2. Australia is divided into six states; New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, and the island state of Tasmania, and two territories, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory. Australia is a vast country known for its warm weather and beaches, relaxed atmosphere, and a high quality of life for its r

Demography

According to official figures, Australia's population was estimated to be approximately 24.5 million people in 2017. The population keeps growing year after year given the high rate of expatriation in the country. This puts Australia in 53rd rank among the world's most populated countries. The main cities are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, and Perth, and the country has a strong connection to the coast — 82% of the population live within 50km of the country’s coastline. This is where most capital cities are, but the coast also enjoys a nicer climate than the harsh conditions of the county’s interior, known as the Outback. Canberra, located in the Australian Capital Territory, is Australia’s capital and the official language of the country is English. Diversity is a great asset to the Australian culture and workforce, with immigrants most commonly moving to the country from the United Kingdom, New Zealand, China, India, and Italy.

Australia's economy

Despite the uncertainties of the world economy, Australia has a prosperous and diversified economy that has remained strong, despite the global financial downturn in recent years. The Australian government has a strong focus on supporting business, trade, and public works projects, which is an asset to the country’s economy. With a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of about 1.06 trillion Australian dollars, the Australian government remains the 13th largest economy in the world. The Australian economy is supported by its major industries, including finance, healthcare, mining, energy, and tourism. Australia is rich in natural resources and is a major exporter of minerals and energy, as well as agricultural products, namely wool and wheat.

Australian constitution

Australia is a democratic country, governed by a constitutional monarchy. The system is composed of three independent powers: the legislative power provided by the Parliament, including Queen Elizabeth II and the 150-member House of Representatives and the 76-member Senate and the executive branch led by an Executive Board consisting of the Governor General, the Prime Minister and other ministers. The judiciary branch is provided by the High Court and the federal courts. Australia also requires compulsory voting for all citizens, being one of the few countries in the world to do so.

Climate in Australia

Due to the huge geographic size of Australia, the climate varies greatly, depending on location. The Far North and North-East coasts have a tropical climate, and it is hot almost year-round. The North is also known for its seasonal rainfall, collectively known as the ‘wet’ and ‘dry’ seasons, with occasional
cyclones occurring. The South and Southwest coasts enjoy a Mediterranean climate, with warm summers and cooler winter months. Tasmania, due to its southern position, has a much colder climate, and even receives snowfall. In the Outback, them area has an arid or desert climate, with very low rainfall, and extreme temperatures that can be very hot in the days, cooler in evenings, and can even reach freezing in winter. Australia is the world's driest and lowest continent. Average temperatures vary between 25C and 28C in summer and between 12C and 15C in winter. As Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere, the seasons are opposite to the American climate- summer runs from October-April, with winter being May-September.