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Living in Africa guide

Find out all you need to know to relocate and live in Africa with the expat guide

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Generalities

General information
  • Nigeria is appealing to expats thanks to its diverse population and growing economy. It also has notable natural resources and a warm climate.

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  • Located in North Africa, Tunisia is very welcoming towards expatriates despite being the smallest State of the Maghreb region.

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  • Egypt is located at crossroads between Northern Africa and Europe. Its recovering economy provides many opportunities to expatriates wishing to move there.

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  • Located in West Africa, Ivory Coast is a member of the African Union. It is bordered by Mali, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Guinea and Ghana.

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Formalities

Visas, passports and entry requirements
  • Foreign nationals coming from some countries need a visa to travel to South Africa depending on the duration of their stay.

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  • Since many years, Tunisia has been attracting many expats wishing to retire under the sun in a relaxed environment. Relating formalities are quite simple.

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  • Foreign nationals intending to travel to Egypt, whether for a long or short stay, are required to apply for an appropriate visa beforehand.

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  • Foreign nationals wishing to travel to Ivory Coast require a valid visa and a passport. However, visa exemptions apply to nationals of some countries.

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  • Do I need a passport, a valid ID or a visa to travel in Mauritius?

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Visas

Work visas, work permits, working holiday visas and residence permits
  • Learn how to get a Nigerian residence permit allowing you to stay and work in Nigeria.

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  • All the information you need to obtain a short- or long-term stay visa in Nigeria.

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  • Nationals of some countries are exempted from the visa requirement when making a short stay, that is a maximum of 3 months stay, in South Africa.

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  • Foreign nationals planning to make a more than 90 days stay in Tunisia are required to apply for a visa depending on their purpose of their stay.

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  • Nationals of some countries are exempted from the entry visa for Tunisia to make a less than 3 months stay in the country.

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Work

Labour market, how to find a job
  • Want to become a digital nomad in Morocco? The digital nomad's guide to Morocco will help you make the most of your nomadic life abroad.

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  • Want to become a digital nomad in South Africa? The digital nomad's guide to South Africa will help you make the most of your nomadic life abroad.

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  • Learn more about the growth sectors, labour conditions and job opportunities in Nigeria.

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  • Though unemployment is quite high, there are opportunities for expats in South Africa's economy, which is based on the primary and tertiary sectors.

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  • An internship in South Africa will allow you to discover both a thriving African economy and the country's interesting culture.

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Accommodation

How to rent a house or an apartment, leases and rental agreements
  • Get to know the Nigerian housing market: types of housing units, best living areas, and costs of accommodation in Nigeria.

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  • Durban is a young and dynamic city that attracts many expatriates, providing not only various opportunities but also a range of accommodation.

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  • Cape Town is a popular tourist destination, however it also offer a range of accommodation for those looking to make a more permanent move.

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  • Pretoria is home to the countries government and two popular universities, creating a busy and diverse city with a range of accommodation available.

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  • South Africa has a rather developed real estate market, providing both short-term and long-term accommodation to foreign nationals moving there.

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Study

Student visa, University registration
  • Learn about the education opportunities available in Nigeria, and how to best enjoy your study period in the country.

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  • South Africa host several prestigious universities, most of which are deemed to be the best in whole Africa, that welcome many foreign students every year.

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  • By choosing to continue your higher studies, you will not only discover a modern country but also enjoy a hospitable population in a pleasant climate.

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  • Over the years, many foreign students, especially coming from African countries have enrolled in the numerous prestigious Egyptian universities.

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Health care

Public and private health systems
  • Information about the availability and quality of healthcare facilities, pharmaceuticals and health insurance in Nigeria.

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  • Foreign nationals living in South Africa have easy access to healthcare services, however it is recommended that expats invest in health insurance.

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  • Health care is a key issue when it comes to moving to abroad. Tunisia has a rather developed health care system from which expats easily can benefit.

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  • The Egyptian health care system comprises several public, private and university hospitals. Health care services are therefore very accessible to expats.

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  • On moving to Ivory Coast, you will be eligible to health care services both in the public and private sectors, but against fees.

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Bank

Open and manage a bank account
  • The gist of the financial and banking system of Nigeria along with practical tips about money management and payments in the country.

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  • Opening a bank account in Tunisia is quite a simple process. In general, foreign residents in the country are entitled to several facilities.

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  • Procedures relating to the opening of a bank account in Egypt can be quite complicated due to strict regulations. Make sure to inquire about these.

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  • If you are working in Ivory Coast, you will probably want to open a bank account. Feel free to choose among several banks for your transactions.

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Tax

Tax system, income tax
  • The tax system in Nigeria includes personal income tax and company income tax. Residents and expats with a residence permit are liable to pay tax.

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  • Once you have settled in South Africa, regardless of the purpose of your stay, you will have to pay different types of taxes, including income tax.

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  • Tax is with no doubt a key issue when moving abroad. Whether you are going to work or set up a business in Tunisia, you will have to pay tax.

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  • There are four main types of taxes in Egypt: personal income tax, corporate income tax and GST. All three of them apply to foreign nationals.

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  • There are three types of taxes in Ivory Coast. Hence, expatriates working in the country also have to pay taxes at different rates.

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Transports

Train, bus, plane, car rental
  • Learn about the various transport infrastructure and services available in Nigeria.

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  • Being the most developed African country, South Africa hosts a very developed transport network, including buses, trains, taxis, airplanes, etc.

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  • Moving around Tunis is definitely not a major issue thanks to the capital city's modern and efficient transport network.

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  • Tunisia has a modern and developed transport system, including planes, buses, boats, etc, which will allow you travel anywhere safely.

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  • As the Egyptian capital city, Cairo hosts a wide public transport network which will allow you travel anywhere across the city at affordable rates.

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Driver's licence

Driving requirements
  • Information about Nigerian drivers licenses, driving conditions and the different options to get a car in Nigeria.

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  • If you wish to drive in South Africa, you can drive with an international licence, or (in most instances) the licence of your country of origin.

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  • Tunisia has a fairly developed road infrastructure. You can thus drive in the country provided you have a valid driver's license.

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  • Before moving to Egypt, it is best to inquire on all conditions relating to driving in case you would like to buy or rent a car.

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  • If you are making a more than six months stay in Ivory Coast, you must be in possession of a local driver's license to be allowed to drive.

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Removal

moving, formalities and useful tips
  • An overview of the import and shipping conditions dictated by Nigerian authorities, for expats who want to move their belongings or pets to Nigeria.

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  • Relocating to South Africa requires appropriate planning. You should look to hire an international mover who will take care of moving your belongings.

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  • Relocating to Tunisia requires appropriate planning. It is better to hire removal experts who will take care of all related formalities on your behalf.

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  • Relocating to Egypt requires appropriate planning. It is better to hire removal experts who will take care of all related formalities on your behalf.

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  • Relocating to Ivory Coast requires appropriate planning. It is better to hire removal experts who will take care of all related formalities on your behalf.

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Communications

Phone line, internet provider, post office
  • Useful tips about mobile and fixed phone and Internet services in Nigeria, including service providers and how to get connected.

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  • As the most developed African country, South Africa has a modern telecommunications network including several service providers.

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  • Tunisia has a well developed telecommunications network providing phone and Internet services everywhere at rather affordable rates.

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  • Communication in Egypt has never been easier thanks to the presence of several land line, mobile and Internet service providers.

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  • Ivory Coast has a developed telecommunications networks, including land lines, as well as mobile phones and Internet which are quite widespread.

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Leisure

Sports, leisure and cultural activities
  • Sports, culture and arts, music, gastronomy, sightseeing: a few recommendations for your downtime in Nigeria.

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  • By moving to South Africa, rest assured that you are not likely to get bored during your free time thanks to several leisure activities: sports, trekking..

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  • As a culturally and historically rich city, Tunis has a lot to offer to expatriates during their leisure time: museums, monuments, palaces, etc.

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  • Leisure are definitely part of everyday life when moving abroad. Tunisia thus provides a range of leisure activities to foreigners moving there.

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Miscellaneous

  • Despite being a continuously developing country, South Africa holds a deep cultural and historical heritage that you can discover during your stay.

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  • Besides vaccination and implantation of an identification microchip, your pet will also require an import authorisation to travel with you to South Africa.

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  • Moving to Tunisia with your pet should not be a complicated task if you comply with existing regulations and obligations.

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  • Rich in culture and traditions, Tunisia is an interesting country whose population's lifestyle may be completely different from what you are used to.

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