Quebec City
Updated 6 months ago

Covering an area of 1,667,441 km², Quebec is located in the north-east part of North America. From the American border, it stretches until the northern seas across approximately 2,000 km. Its surface area is the same as Spain, Portugal, France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Germany together.

The landscape is made up of around 750,000 lakes and 130,000 rivers and is split in two by one of the biggest rivers in the world: the Saint Lawrence River. Water is the first source of energy and one of the pillars of Quebec’s economy. The ubiquitous forests cover almost half of Quebec area, which means 750,300 km².

The seasons

The four seasons in Quebec are very different, especially in the southern part of the province. Spring is mild and short whereas summer is a hot and humid season during 2 to 3 months. The average temperature during the summer spans from 5°C to 25°C North to South, but it can also reach 35°C in the South. The beginning of fall is pleasant: the temperatures remain mild and the trees show their most beautiful colors.

The first snowfalls generally occur from November. Winter lasts for four to six months in the South and five to eight months in the North. The average temperature stays between -10°C and -25°C. January and February are the coldest months of the year and on very cold days, the temperature can reach - 40°C.

In the South of Quebec, the sun shines for eight hours in December. That makes it the shortest period of the year regarding the amount of sunlight. There are also temperate areas in the northern territories and sunlight, northern lights and midnight sun may vary according to the latitude.


Quebec is divided into four climate areas, namely the Arctic zone, the subarctic zone, the continental humid zone and the eastern coastal zone. The cities in the Gaspé Peninsula (or Gaspesia) and the Côte-Nord see a mild winter and a cooler summer because of the moderating effect of the Saint Lawrence River.

Wind and humidity are two important factors to take into account because they can make temperatures rise or fall considerably. That's why most weather forecast services in Canada always indicate the actual temperature and the real feel temperature.


In contrast to its vast territory, the population in Quebec is quite small: there are an estimated 8,287,800 people living in Québec in 2016, according to Statistics Canada. Most of its inhabitants live in the South, in the fertile valley of the Saint Lawrence River. The First Nations and the Inuits live in around 50 communities scattered over the territory.

The number of Quebeckers over 65 keep on rising and was around 18.1% in 2016, according to Statistics Canada. The people under 20 represented 20.6% of the population while the ones between 20 and 64 represented 61.3%.

Over 50,000 immigrants come to Quebec each year from more than a hundred different countries, including about 5,000 from France. All of them take an active part in its economic, social, and cultural development.

The main language used by the majority of its inhabitants is French, although English is also spoken and understood, but mainly in the cities.

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