Looking forward to move to Romania? Here is an overview of the country's economic, political, geographical and demographic situation.
Year after year, expatriates worldwide have been showing a certain trend towards moving to Romania. Indeed, the country has been attracting foreigners for various reasons, including professional opportunities for everyone, from manual workers to the most qualified staff, and even for aspiring entrepreneurs. Following the world economic crisis involving mass job losses, thousands of Europeans turned to Romania and its neighbor Bulgaria, which managed to survive thanks to their diversified economies.
So if you wish to move there, you should not have much trouble in finding a job while adapting to the local environment and lifestyle. Knowledge of Romanian and of a few Latin languages will definitely help you integrate more rapidly. Hence, you can pack up your bags and get ready to explore this beautiful country's multiple aspects.
Nicknamed the country of Count Dracula, Romania is a Central and Oriental European country, member of the European Union since 2007. Stretching over 238,391 km², it is bordered by Hungary, Ukraine, Moldavia, Bulgaria and Serbia.
The country's territory is divided as follows:
- 4 macro-regions which are responsible of coordinating regional development and major infrastructure
- 8 development regions which aim at promoting regional economic growth
- 41 departments
- 103 municipalities, 208 cities and 8,825 towns.
Bucharest, Romania's capital city, is on its own an autonomous department. Among the other major cities, you have, for instance, Cluj, Timisoara, Constanta, Galati, Brasov and Sibiu. Note that in Romania, each department's capital is also known as a municipality.
Demography and languages
In 2012, Romania's population consisted of 21,848,504 inhabitants. In fact, it is deemed to be the European Union's 7th most densely populated country. Note that the population also includes a large number of foreigners, mainly those coming from neighboring countries such as France, Germany, Hungary, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Russia, Greece, etc. As regards French-speaking people, these account for about a quarter of the population.
Indeed, Romanian is the most popular language in the country. But most Romanians also speak foreign languages such as Hungarian, Russian, Turkish, Greek, Armenian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian besides French and English. Note that English is becoming more popular day after day, it is even known as the first university language.
As regards German, it is also very popular in some regions, namely in Sibiu where you will find Saxon minorities.
The Romanian economy mainly relies on services, industry and agriculture. Most local enterprises are involved in petroleum, gas, natural resources, gold, textile and other raw materials. This is why many European factories have been moving to the East, especially to Romania. Industry, for its part, accounts for 35% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with around 20% of Romanian workers.
Although foreign direct investment (FDI) has been decreasing during the last few years, Romania still has several assets, namely a strong industrial tradition and one of the European Union's lowest labor costs. In 2012, major investors in Romania where French, Austrians, Dutch, Germans and Czech.
Romania enjoys a continental climate. Winter, starting in December and lasting till March, is long and rude. Summer is warm from June to September while autumn lasts from September to November. Spring, for its part, is a rapid transition between winter and summer. As regards temperatures, these generally down to a minimum of -5 °C in Bucharest in January. In summer, especially in July, temperatures can rise beyond 35 °C and up to 40 °C.