Folktales and legends in the Philippines

Hello everyone,

Time to spark your imagination! Below is a list of questions to pique your interest in folktales and legends associated with the Philippines.

1. Name 3 popular legends that have been passed down from generation to generation in the Philippines.
2. Name 2 famous legendary, heroic characters part of Filipino folklore.
3. Which are the villains which feature in local folktales?
4. Have any legends/folktales led to common superstitious beliefs or practices observed today in the Philippines?
5. Have you come across any folktale with a message which has struck you as interesting?

Thanks for participating,

My favorite is the one about the dog, cat and ring, goes like this:
              Long ago there was a master who wanted a ring delivered to his sister.  He had an old dog with no teeth and no tail, but he knew all the trails and paths.  He had a younger more reliable cat, inexperienced in travel.  So he gave the ring to the cat and had the dog go along as a guide for the cat.  All went well until they came upon a river with no bridges and no boats.  They decided they would have to swim across, and the dog pressured the cat into giving him the ring for the swim.  The cat was reluctant, but after threats gave the ring to the dog.  The dog was a stronger swimmer, but then he cried out that he had lost the ring.  The cat told the dog to look for the ring while the cat swam back to the shore and returned to tell the master of the problem.
             When the master and cat got back to the river neither the dog nor the ring were anywhere to be found.  The master called all the dogs in the area together and explained to them that a dog with no teeth and no tail had made off or lost a ring for his sister.  The master offered much gold to the dog who located and returned the ring.  This offer surprised the cat, for he knew that dogs have no use for gold, would rather have a bone to chew on.
             To this day dogs all over the world are still searching for that ring.  Whenever two dogs meet they bare their teeth to show the other dog that they are not the thief with no teeth.  They also wag their tails to show that they are not the tailless  thief.  And ever since that terrible event at the river cats are very reluctant to go swimming anywhere.

Thank you;
Folktales provide valuable insight to a culture.  I am still trying to figure out the wok-wok and other things that go bump in the night.  Some old timers speak of seeing others, but lack the language to explain.

Curious Lem

Wak wak or aswang and other names. There is also a giant who is smoking a cigar in the ilocano area. And the most known, the dwarves or dwende who are living in the roots of mango trees or in termites house. Some are negative and black, some are good and white.

geolefrench :

Wak wak or aswang and other names. There is also a giant who is smoking a cigar in the ilocano area. And the most known, the dwarves or dwende who are living in the roots of mango trees or in termites house. Some are negative and black, some are good and white.

The smoking giant at the Ilocano area is called "Kapre." Aswang is the one that eats your liver and sometimes appear half-bodied as the other half go flying looking for victims. They say in Ilocos Sur
that you should be careful urinating at night along trees as you could be urinating at a dwende´s head
which could cause you unexplained bodily wound or lesions.

The Bantay Gusing overlooking Santa: The top area has a "gusing" or a missing part. The legend says that a giant "angngalo" accidentally stepped over it causing the indentation.


Not sure if legends relate to events or people here, but lots of heros and events, as in Lapu-Lapu who killed the seagoing Portuguese explorer Fernando Magellan. Lapu-Lapu of Mactan Island became a legend who stood up to the ‘modern’ technology of the European traders and their weaponry.
Others were heros too, but again not sure if a legend can be a person, as in Rizal who stood up for the pinoy people at a crucial time in their history, or even Aguinaldo Aquino or Fernando Poe.

The Legend of Mariang Makiling
-Retold by Jose Rizal

The many legends of Mariang Makiling tell of a young woman who lived on the beautiful mountain that separates the provinces of Laguna and Tayabas. Her dwelling place was never definitely known, because those who had the good luck to deal with her would wander about for a long time lost in the woods, unable to return; neither did they remember the way, nor were they agreed as to the place and its description.
While some say her home was a beautiful palace, bright as a golden reliquary, surrounded by gardens and fine parks, others assert that they saw only wretched hut with a patched roof and bamboo sides. Such a contradiction may give rise to the belief that both parties were romancing, it is true but it may also be due to the fact that Mariang Makiling, like many persons in comfortable circumstances, might have had dwelling places.
According to eyewitnesses, she was a young woman, tall and graceful with big black eyes and long and abundant hair. Her colour was a clear pure brown, the kayumangging kaligatan, as the Tagalog say. Her hands and feet were small and delicate and the expression of her countenance always grave and serious.
She was a fantastic creature, half nymph, half sylph, born under the moonbeams of Filipinas, in the mystery of its ancient woods, the murmur of the waves on the neighbouring shore. According to general belief, and contrary to the reputation imputed to the nymphs and goddesses, Mariang Makiling always remained pure, simple, and mysterious as the genius of the mountain. An old maid-servant we had, an Amazon who defended her house against the outlaws and once killed one of them with a lance thrust, assured me that she had in her childhood seen her passing in the distance over the reed grass so lightly and airily that she did not even make the flexible blades bend.
They said that on the night of Good Friday, when the hunters built bonfires to attract the deer by the scent of the ashes of which these animals are so fond, they have discerned her motionless on the brink of the most fearful abysses, letting her long hair float in the wind, all flooded with the moonlight. Then she would salute them ceremoniously, pass on, and disappear amid the shadows of the neighbouring trees.
Generally everyone loved and respected her and no one over dared to question her, to follow, or to watch her. She has also been seated for a long periods upon a cliff beside a river, as though watching the gentle currents of the stream. There was an old hunter who claimed to have seen her bathing in a secluded fountain at midnight, when cicadas themselves were asleep, when the moon reigned in the midst of silence, and nothing disturbed the charm of solitude. In those same hours and under the same circumstances was the time when the mysterious and melancholy notes of her harp might be heard. Persons who heard them stopped, for they drew away and became hushed when any attempt was made to follow them up.
Her favourable time for appearing, it is said, was after a storm. Then she would be seen scurrying over the fields, and whenever she passed, life, order, and calm were renewed. The trees again straightened up their over-thrown trunks, and all traces of the unchained elements were wiped away.
When the poor country folk on the slopes of Makiling needed clothing or jewels for solemn occasions of life, she would lend them and besides, give her a pullet white as milk, one that had never laid an egg, a dumalaga, as they say. Mariang Makiling was very charitable and had a good heart. Now often has she not, in the guise of a simple country maid, aided poor old women who went to the woods for firewood or to pick wild fruits, by slipping among the latter nuggets of gold, coins, and jewels.
A hunter who has one day chasing a wild boar through the tall grass and thorny bushes of the thickets came suddenly upon a hut in which the animal hid.
Soon a beautiful young woman issued from the hut and said to him gently, “The wild boar belongs to me and you have done wrong to chase it. But I see that you are very tired; your arms and legs covered with blood. So I come in and eat and then you may go on your way.”
Confused and startled, and besides charmed by the beauty of the young woman, the man went in and ate mechanically everything she offered him, without being able to speak a single word. Before he left, the young woman gave him some pieces of ginger, charging him to give them to his wife for her cooking. The hunter put them inside the crown of his broad hat and after thanking her, withdrew in content. On the way home, he felt his hat becoming heavy so he took out many of the pieces and threw them away. But what his surprise and regret when the next day he discovered that what the he had taken to be ginger was solid gold, bright as a ray of sunshine. Although he tried to look for them later, he could never find even one.
But for many years now, Maria Makiling’s presence has not been manifested on Makiling. Her vapory figure no longer wanders through the deep valleys or hovers over the waterfalls on the serene moonlight nights. The melancholy tone of her harp is no longer heard, and now lovers get married without receiving from her jewels and other presents. Many fear that she has disappeared forever, or at least, she avoids any contact with mankind.
Yet on the side of the mountain, there is a clear, quiet pool, and the legend persists that the vapory figure may still be seen reflected in this pool in the mists of early dawn, and from time to time people of the countryside go to watch for her there.

Turns out it is a fascinating and extremely rich subject: … y-animism/

Thanks to the Spanish education system the information can be pretty sketchy and at times conflicting.  Despite their efforts alot of very rich stories have survived. Many things in common with most peoples legends are the Mighty men of old, giants with superhuman powers as explained by Genesis 6 strict reading.

New topic