Living in Bulgaria guide for expats

All the information you need to relocate and live in Bulgaria.

Our selection of articles for expatriation in Bulgaria

Opening a bank account in Bulgaria

Do you wish to open a bank account in Bulgaria? Find out how to proceed in this article.

Healthcare in Bulgaria

Wondering about health care in Bulgaria? How to access to these and what are the fees applied? Find out in this article.

Become a digital nomad in Bulgaria

Bulgaria is another name in the list of underestimated travel destinations, but things are changing. Having been nicknamed ...

Work in Plovdiv

Being Bulgaria's second biggest city, Plovdiv also provides many career prospects. Find out more about these in this ...

Work in Varna

Looking for a job in Varna? Find out what are the most promising sectors for foreigners in this article.

Work in Sofia

There are various ways to find a job in Sofia. Here are some tips to guide you through your job search.

Work in Bulgaria

Find, in this article, an overview of the Bulgarian labor market and tips to help you find a job if you intend to work there.

Taxes in Bulgaria

Do you have to pay taxes in Bulgaria? How to proceed and what are the conditions attached? Find out in this article.

Transports in Sofia

Foreigners staying in Sofia can choose from various means of transport. Here is an overview of the transport network.

Transports in Bulgaria

To travel around in Bulgaria, you can choose among different means of transport. Find out about these in this article.

Study in Bulgaria

Do you dream of pursuing your higher studies in Bulgaria? Find out what you need to know on this country's higher education ...

Traveling to Bulgaria with your pet

Would you like your pet to accompany you during your trip to Bulgaria? Find out how to proceed in this article.

Traveling to Bulgaria

If you intend to travel to Bulgaria, whether for a long or short-term stay, here is a summary of formalities you have to fill ...

Visas for Bulgaria

Are you moving to Bulgaria? Find out in this article whether you have to apply for a visa and how to proceed.

Setting up a business in Bulgaria

Are you looking forward to set up a business in Bulgaria? Here is an overview of conditions to be met and related procedures.

About Bulgaria

Over the years, Bulgaria has been attracting expatriates in large numbers. Its education and culture wealth are two main reasons which have motivated their choices. In fact, located in South-East Europe, it has been highly influenced by the region's cultural heritage. Moreover, Bulgaria is a high demand destination when it comes to career prospects, thanks to its developed economy. The country provides more employment opportunities than anywhere else in Europe.

Moreover, travel formalities for European nationals are quite simple. So if you intend to move there, you are definitely likely to enjoy its environment and openings.

Geography and demography

Stretching over some 110, 8 km², the Republic of Bulgaria occupies the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by Romania, Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia. The country is a member of the European Union since 2007. To date, its population consists of more than 7 million inhabitants, with a majority of Bulgarians, along with other important ethnic groups, namely 9% of Turks and 5% of Gypsies respectively.

Sofia is Bulgaria's capital city with more than 1.2 million inhabitants. Plovdiv and Varna are two of its major cities, mainly in terms of their demography and economic activities. Sofia is also known to be Bulgaria's academic center as it hosts the country's most prestigious university, St. Clement of Ohrid.

Plovdiv, for its part, is the second university center and the second biggest city after Sofia. It is also known as the European Cultural capital city. Finally, Varna is the largest Bulgarian city on the Black Sea coast. It is very popular with tourists, as well as with students.


Bulgarian nationals speak Bulgarian, which is a South Slavic language. It is the country's official language and spoken as well in neighboring countries such as Ukraine, Moldova, Macedonia, Romania, Greece, Turkey and in a part of Serbia.

The Bulgarian language is written in Cyrillic. However, graphics and pronunciation differ somewhat from Russian.


Despite being part of the European Union, the country's official currency is still the Bulgarian lev. Nowadays, Bulgaria is a developed country with an economy which is primarily based on the private sector. Energy, mining, light industry and tourism are its main sources of income and economic activity.

Indeed, Bulgaria has a powerful energy network, one of the most important European networks. Moreover, the industrial field consists of the production of copper, zinc, steel, coal, large-scale tobacco, etc. As regards the heaving industry, it involved fuel refinement, car production and repair, automotive and communication equipment, electronics and military equipment, etc.

Note that there are many employment opportunities in the public sector as in the private sector.


Bulgaria is a mountainous country. In the South, the Rhodopes mountain range forms a geographical and climatic barrier with Greece. However, in spring and summer, temperatures are regulated between the fresh mountain air and the warm Aegean Sea breeze.

The rest of the country experiences a continental climate with hot and dry summers and cold and snowy winters with many mountain snowfalls, up to May. As regards the tourism season, especially on the Black Sea coast, it starts as from June to end by September with an average temperature of 27°C on land and 23°C at sea.

Useful links:

Official Tourism Website of Bulgaria
European Union Official Portal

Quick Information

Capital : Sofia
Official Languages : Bulgarian
Currency : Lev
Area : 110910 Km2
Population : 7148785
Calling Code : +359
Timezone : Europe/Sofia

Bulgaria city guide

Share your Expat Experience in the Guide

As an member you can share your own experience about your expatriation by writing some articles in the Expat Guide.
Formalities, Visas, Work, Bank. Share your tips or your knowledges about the new country where you chose to live, or about your own country.