Discovering Russia


If you are planning to move to Russia, here is all that you need to know on its geography, demography, as well as on its economic and political situation.

Stretching over 17,098,242 km2, Russia is a vast country which is found between Western Europe and North-east Asia. Moscow is Russia's capital city while St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Rostov-on-Don, Ufa, Volgograd, Perm, Krasnoyarsk, Saratov, Voronezh, Tolyatti, Krasnodar, Ulyanovsk, Izhevsk, etc., are its major cities.


Russia's population amounts to some 143,666,931 inhabitants approximately as at 2014, including a large number of expatriates. Russians generally speak Russian, which is the country's official language. However, other dialects are spoken in different regions, namely in the North, Center and South of the country. Note that Russia is known to be a sovereign Federation despite the creation of the European Union. In fact, the country has its own currency, that is the Russian Ruble.


Russia is the world's 8th economic power. Its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) stood at 1,884 billion US dollars in 2013. In fact, the country has rapidly swept through the globalization process by integrating the global economy. This is even demonstrated by its presence in the G8 as one of the world's most powerful economies. It has thus been attracting foreign workers, students, as well as investors due to the numerous opportunities it offers at different levels.

The country also ranks 9th on the international level in terms of savings. With a rather positive economic growth, Russia also demonstrates a rather high domestic purchasing power compared to many countries.

 Good to know:

Russia is a member of the United Nations Security Council, the Council of Europe, the G20, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Eurasian Economic Community, World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), as well as of the Commonwealth of Independent States, etc.


The year 1993 has been marked by the adoption of the Russian Constitution. Russia hence became a Federation along with being a Republic. The country is governed by a President, who is also the head of the State. The latter is elected by universal suffrage for a 6 years mandate. The actual President of the Russian Federation is Vladimir Poutine


When thinking about Russia, snow is the first thing which comes to our mind. It is the case as different regions often experience snowy climates. Nevertheless, the country's climate varies from one region to another as it is wider than Canada. Temperatures decrease as you go closer to the North. From East to West, you will be entitled to a continental type climate.

The Russian autumn is quite similar to that of Canada, with fresh and warm colors, particularly in forest regions. On the other hand, winter in Moscow and St. Petersburg is very humid and rainy. When spring comes, the melting snow brings in muddy landscapes.

In general, winters are rather cold. This is why Russians often enjoy sipping Vodka to keep them warm. Summer nights are clearer in the North, with mild temperatures.


The main Russian holidays are: New Year (January 1st ), Orthodox Christmas (January 7th), the Motherland Defender (February 23rd), International Women's Day (March 8th), Spring and Labor Day (May 1st), the Great Patriotic War Victory Day (May 9th), Russia Day (June 12th), National Unity Day (November 4th).

Major airports

Most major cities have their own airport. But the country's main airports are: Domodedovo International Airport which is found in Moscow, Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport, Pulkovo Airport which is found in Saint Petersburg and the Koltsovo Airport which is found in Ekaterinburg.

 Useful links: – Russia forum
Maps of World – Map of Russia
Airports in Russia
Pogoda - Weather in Russia

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