If you wish to travel to Ireland, here is an overview of the country's social, economic and political situation.
Ireland is one of Northern Europe's top expatriation destinations. Each year, the country hosts large numbers of foreigners from across the world, willing to benefit from the numerous opportunities it offers at different levels. Located in the Northern Atlantic Ocean, it stretches over some 70,273 km2 and is divided into 26 counties. Dublin is Ireland's capital city, while Cork, Galway, Waterford and Limerick are its major cities.
In July 2014, the Irish population consisted of some 4,832,765 inhabitants, including a large number of foreigners, including French, British, Italian, German and many other nationals, having settled in different regions. Dublin, Cork, Galway and Limerick remain the most popular and densely populated cities.
Ireland has two official languages, Irish and English, the latter being considered as an annex language. Other foreign languages such as French, German and Italian, among others, are spoken by expat communities and are taught in schools.
Ireland has a developed and stable economy, having recorded a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of around EUR 164 billion in 2012. Local authorities have been attracting foreign investment lately through numerous measures and incentives. Moreover, the country hosts many national and multinational companies which are also job creators.
The Irish economy key sectors are exports, information and communication technology, chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing, services, as well as banking and finance, among others. Note that the Irish economy has gradually recovered from the global financial crisis thanks to the consensus displayed by various government agencies with the support of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
Ireland is a parliamentary republic, governed by a President or Taoiseach who is elected by universal suffrage for a seven years mandate. Michael D. Higgins was elected President of the Republic of Ireland in November 2011. However, his powers are limited. The government is run by the executive power. The parliament, for its part, is divided into two chambers, namely the Dail Eireann and Seanad Eireann. Moreover, the judiciary power is independent.
Note that Ireland is a European Union member State.
The country enjoys an oceanic climate. Temperatures are quite mild in summer, rarely exceeding 25 °C. In winter temperatures are rather cool with frequent rainfall. However, these rarely drop below 0 °C. In Dublin, the average temperature turns around 3 °C in winter, January and February being the coolest months. In summer, the average temperatures range between 12 °C and 19 °C.