Is Senegal the land you have been dreaming of? Here is an overview of the country's economic, social and political situation.
Located in West Africa, Senegal is a semi-presidential republic. Its capital city is Dakar. Stretching over some 196,722 km², the country's symbol is a baobab tree. Although it has achieved independence since 1960, Senegal is still strongly influenced by the French colonization as demonstrated by the current use of CFA (African Communities Financial Franc). Moreover, French is the country's official language, but many complex and interesting dialects are also used there, namely Wolof, Diola, Pulaar, Serere, Soninke and Malinke, etc.
Amidst strong traditions, modernity and democracy, the country is a popular destination for Western companies as well as foreign professionals. According to the 2013 general population, habitat, agriculture and breeding census figures conducted by the National Statistics and Demography Agency, 181,651 foreigners are actually living in Senegal, over a population of 14,13 million inhabitants.
Senegal ranks fourth among the West African sub-region's major economies despite its lack of natural resources. In fact, Senegal is deemed to be one of the most industrialized African countries thanks to numerous sectors such as tourism, fisheries, services, agriculture and industry. Moreover, Italy, India, France and China are among the country's main economic partners. However, unemployment rate in Senegal is now at 25.7%, including 54% of women.
Senegal has also emerged as one of the region's highly educated countries. In fact, the country hosts many talents in terms of creativity and business management. Over the years, many European and North American schools have set up there, providing quality education for the population as well as for foreigners. Finally, it has attracted many multinational companies due to its ideal geographical position and its political stability.
Thanks to its economic success, Senegal has become a member of the West Africa Economic and Monetary Union, of the West African States Economic Community, of the Saharan States Community and of the African Union. It has also become eligible to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) since 2006.
African and international organizations refer to the country as the “Senegalese Model” in political terms. The President of the Republic is elected by universal suffrage for a seven years mandate. Unlike some surrounding countries, Senegal enjoys an enviable and exemplary political stability. In fact, this is reflected on its economy by the increasing presence of foreign companies.
Good to know:
Senegal has a long and old relationship with France, going back to the West African colonization period in 1895. Hence, to date, many regions, including Dakar, St Louis, Thiès, Kaolack, etc., are members of the International Francophone Regions Association.
In general, Senegal experiences two seasons, namely the dry season and the rainy season. The dry season last from November to May with temperatures varying between 22°C and 30°C. There are also significant variations between temperatures recorded on the coast and those in the interior. As regards the rainy season, that is winter, it lasts from June to October. Heavy rainfall often occurs in the South and in the North.
Nowadays, Senegal does not look like a poor African country anymore due to its development and industrialization. Moreover, Dakar, the capital city, stands as an example of modernity and dynamism thanks to the country's healthy political reputation. Senegal is also world famous for its population's hospitality, the “teranga”. Indeed, it is a country where humanity holds its true meaning.
Nature, changing and omnipresent, is deemed to be an outstanding experience for children. As regards adults, living in Senegal can be a professionally and personally rewarding experience on their resume.