About Papua New Guinea

A country that has inspired hundreds of books, Papua New Guinea is one of the least explored regions in the world often referred to as “the Last Unknown”. With its rugged terrain, some parts of the country were not mapped until the 1930s, and even today it is believed that Papua New Guinea may be home to some undiscovered species of flora and fauna.

Inhabited by hundreds of indigenous ethnic groups, Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world with the population of over eight million people. More than 850 languages are spoken in the region, and some ethnic groups residing in the country have never talked to one another. In fact, it’s one of the few places in the world known to be home to the so-called “uncontacted people” or “lost tribes” — communities who have had very little or no contact with the outside world. It is estimated that most of the population live in rural areas and close to 40% live an entirely natural self-sustainable lifestyle.

The region’s economy is largely based on the traditional sectors such as farming and fishing. The export of coconut, coffee, and cocoa are exceptionally profitable. The profits from the extraction and export of energy and minerals have also allowed the country to invest in infrastructure, specifically in the capital city of Moresby.

Papua New Guinea is one of the least travelled countries in the world. Apart from a few tourist enclaves, most of the territory has little to none travel facilities and getting around can be a challenge. However, those who are willing to brave the unknown are promised indescribable natural beauty and stunning hiking trails were very few have trodden before. Sepik River, Mount Wilhelm, the volcano of Tavurvur, and Milne Bay are just a few of Papua New Guinea’s natural wonders.