If you wish to move to Qatar, here is what you need to know about this economically prosperous Middle East country.
The State of Qatar, better known as Qatar, is found in the Middle East on the Persian Gulf peninsula. Stretching over some 11.586 km2, it goes on 160 km long and 80 km wide and is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the South and Bahrain to the West and North-West. Its capital city is Ad Dawha or Doha which is occupied by nearly 80% of the population. Abu Thaylah, Al Rayyan, Al Khor, Al Khuwayr Al Ghuwairiyah, are other major Qatari cities.
In 2014, Qatar's population amounted to some 2.1 million inhabitants, including a large number of expatriates, that is up to 80%. Among them, Asian workers coming from countries such as India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Iran and Iraq, as well as from North Africa.
Qatar's official language is Arabic. English is frequently spoken due to the presence of a large number of foreigners in the country. Moreover, other languages such as Hindi, Urdu, Tamil and Nepalese are spoken by the various expatriate communities in the country.
Qatar is known to be the Gulf region's biggest economic power with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of about 202.5 billion US dollars in 2013. The country's economy is mainly based on its natural resources such as oil and gas. Moreover, oil and natural gas export are its main sources of income, that is up to 60%. Moreover, Qatari authorities have set up a gas program so as to further exploit natural resources. In fact, the country aims at becoming the leading global gas exporter in the coming years.
Other sectors such as banking and financial services, insurance, tourism, science laboratories, etc., also contribute to the country's economy. In fact, you are likely to find many foreign and international companies' head offices there, as well as training centers, hotels, among others. Note that Qatar is now competing with Dubai's tourism plan thanks to "The Pearl" which is an artificial archipelago.
Good to know:
Qatar's annual growth rate turns around 20% while unemployment rate is at 0.6% only.
Qatar is an emirate, that is an absolute monarchy. Power is in the hands of the Royal family Al Thani who has been ruling since the declaration of independence in 1971. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani is the current Emir of Qatar. The latter is also the head of the State and governs the country with the support of his family. Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani is the country's Prime Minister.
Freedom of expression and equality movements are quite restricted by the Qatari government.
Qatar faces an arid climate with two seasons: the hot season and cool season. The hot season lasts from May to October, with temperatures ranging from 35°C and 40°C, even up to 50°C in July. Due to very high humidity, that is up to 90%, rainfall is quite scarce. You can only expect some 70 to 80 mm per year. However, sandstorms are frequent and can occur at any time of the year.
During the cool season, which lasts from December to April temperatures vary between 22°C and 30°C. Nights are rather pleasant or cool.
Qatar Tourism www.qatartourism.org