Food and Drink in Brazil – avoiding problems
For those who have chosen to move here and especially for those who are visiting Brazil for a short time there are some precautions you should take regarding eating and drinking in order to avoid discomfort or even more serious problems.

Water – You simply cannot drink tap water in most places in Brazil so don't even try. In the major cities you may drink tap water that has been filtered (either using a tap fitted with a filter, passed through a separate drip-through filter or water purifier). For the same reason you should avoid asking for ice in your drinks unless you are sure that it too has been made with filtered/purified water. Drinking fountains in most public places are safe, but if you don't see some kind of in-line filter or there is no sign saying the water is filtered take a pass on it, look for another one. Do not use any outdoor drinking fountains found in parks, public squares, etc., they are completely unsafe both in terms of the water quality and their sanitary conditions. If you plan on going to the park to spend the day, go for a run, etc., you are best off to take water from home or to buy bottled water. If here for a short while you should also avoid consuming watermelon or strawberries since their irrigation source is uncertain. Most Brazilians drink bottled water or mineral water. Lots of street venders sell homemade “freezie” type popsicles in a plastic tube which are called “gelinhos” here, again avoid these because of the unknown water source.

Canned/bottled soft drinks and beer – Never drink the beverage directly from the can or bottle unless it has first been washed thoroughly. This is especially important if you purchase it from one of the many street vendors or beach vendors, you have no idea where their ice comes from and all you need to do is look at the interior of the Styrofoam cooler to see the unsanitary conditions most such products are stored in. Use a drinking straw or disposable cup whenever possible.

Fruit & Vegetables – Regardless of where you purchase them they should be thoroughly washed in a basin of cold water that has had a few drops of liquid bleach added. Fruits and vegetables purchased at the supermarket or central market are generally speaking all of high quality, however you will also find good quality produce at lower prices at neighborhood produce shops (sacolão) and street markets that are held frequently all over the country. Organically grown produce may be found at many supermarkets. food / Beach vendors – Observe the sanitary conditions of the place where you are buying your snacks. Things like pastels or other deep fried foods, for example, pay particular attention to the color and smell of the cooking oil used. One rule of thumb to observe is never order anything that contains eggs or mayonnaise unless you are absolutely certain that it has been kept properly refrigerated at all times. If you are ordering kebabs (churrasco / espeitinhos) make sure you ask for the meat to be well done (bem passado) not on the rare side. The longer the meat is cooked the less the chance of contracting any food related illness. Also don't overdo it in your consumption, excessive consumption of meat can cause some real digestive discomfort and lots of time prisoner to the toilet.

While it might be really tempting to buy something to snack on or even a light meal from a beach vendor just remember that he or she has probably been there on the beach under the hot sun the whole day long, that cooler has been opened a thousand times or more. How well refrigerated can the food inside really be? If possible restrict your food purchases to beach restaurants where the chances are better that the food has been properly stored and prepared.

Meat, Poultry & Fish – When you buy these items in a large supermarket you can be relatively certain they are fresh and fit for consumption. However, some small and unscrupulous supermarkets have a nasty habit of repackaging things that have expired and giving them new validity dates so really you should trust your nose and how the product looks too. Fresh fish should have no odor at all, if it smells “fishy” it has spoiled. Although sale of meats, poultry and fish in small street markets has been banned because there is no way of tracing the product's origin or fitness for consumption the practice still happens. Don't buy them from a street market. Large public markets (Mercado Central/Municipal) in most cities sell reliable products. In many costal towns and cities you will also be able to purchase fish and other seafood right off the boat. Generally speaking these are as fresh as you can get and the prices are reasonable. Myself, I would rather spend the time going down to the dock and picking out my fish and thereby supporting the hard working fisherman rather than pay inflated supermarket prices. Sadly that is not possible here in São Paulo. When I first arrived in Brazil it was common to see meat, poultry and fish sold in the numerous street markets. This has since been banned. If you do see a vendor selling any of these products DO NOT BUY there, the products are of unknown origins and also usually not kept refrigerated properly. Many such products can even be from hijacked cargos.

Eggs – You will note that even in the largest supermarkets here in Brazil eggs are not kept refrigerated. This is something completely unheard of in most other countries. Eggs really must be kept refrigerated to prevent Salmonella bacteria from forming, this is very dangerous. I buy and consume eggs frequently and so-far have been lucky. Once you get them home you should wash them, put them back in the container and place them on the shelf in your refrigerator. Eggs should never be stored in the refrigerator door (again Salmonella is the concern). I don't know why the egg containers that the appliance manufacturers put in fridge doors haven't been banned ages ago. Also when using eggs, it is best to always break your eggs, one-by-one, into a separate bowl and not break them directly into the food you are preparing. This way you won't have to throw everything out and start over from scratch if you should break open a rotten egg.

Milk – Fresh pasteurized milk is not extremely popular here in Brazil so you won't see it much, you will be able to find it in many supermarkets in 1L plastic pouches. By far most of the milk sold here in Brazil comes in 1 liter boxes and it is UHT (Ultra high temperature) treated milk. You should pay attention to the validity date. While I haven't heard of any recent cases, a few years back several dairy producers were caught adding Caustic Soda to milk to keep it from spoiling. It actually became a joke here in Brazil – when you asked for milk in your coffee or tea generally the question that followed was, “com ou sem soda caustica”? UHT milk can be safely stored unrefrigerated for prolonged periods (within the validity dates) without any problems. Once opened it should be kept refrigerated and consumed within 24 to 48 hours. Leave the milk in the original box, cut a small piece of the tip off of the lift tab and when done fold the tab back down and return the box to the fridge. If you are making up powdered milk, make it with filtered or purified water only.

Canned / Bottled goods - Pay attention to the validity dates. Never buy anything in a can that is dented, damaged in any way or rusting. Once you get the product home, wash the can or bottle before you store it, or at the very least before you open it. (Never know what kind of nasty little critters have been all over it.)

Spicy foods – Many Brazilian regional dishes are extremely hot and spicy. Unless you are well accustomed to spicy foods and hot sauce try to limit your consumption. Nothing can spoil a vacation like a case of “Montezuma's Revenge”.

Brazil has a very rich and diversified cuisine. The regional dishes that you find all over Brazil will make your mouth water and once you have experimented with a new dish it will remain in your memory forever. The worst thing about Brazilian food will by trying to decide what dish you liked best. In big cities like São Paulo and Rio you will also find a wide range of international cuisine too, just in case you get the urge for something from home. Follow the foregoing simple rules and “Bom Apetite”.

NOTE : For anyone who hasn't a clue what the Portuguese names are for foods and other products, like spices and seasonings, you will find at the supermarket send me a private message with your e-mail address and I will send you a complete and comprehensive list of Portuguese/English translations. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader since the file is in .PDF format.

William James Woodward – Brazil Animator, Expat-blog

At least in the state of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (thanks to PROCON) if you find a product on the supermarket shelf that is outside the date of validity you can now exchange it for the same product free. That's right, even if you didn't intend to buy the item you get one for free. Just take it to the cashier and ask for the manager to be called. This is a sort of 'fine' system implimented by PROCON in those states in order to help clear up this problem and force supermarkets to be more vigilant at stock rotation.

William James Woodward - Brazil Animator, Expat-blog

Special dietary requirements / Allergies

First of all you will hardly ever find restaurants anywhere in Brazil (even in tourist destinations) that have their menu printed in English and Portuguese. When you do, the translations are usually horrible so be careful and ask about the ingredients if you have any special dietary needs or allergies.

Most of the Brazilian dishes have a very high sodium (salt) content so never add salt until you've tasted the dish first and if you are on a reduced sodium diet for health reasons you would be well advised to request that your dish be prepared without salt if at all possible.

The sweet dishes also have a very high sugar content so you should be aware of this if you're diabetic.

Grains, nuts, etc. - There are no restrictions placed on manufacturers or restaurants, etc., with regard to ingredients that might provoke reactions in some people. Manufacturers are only required to list their ingredients on the packaging however some terms are generic and don't name the specific ingredient. Be very careful if you have such allergies to read the list of contents on packaged foods and ask at restaurants... "what's in it?". While most of the cooking oil sold and used in Brazil is soybean oil you should note that peanut oil is also common here so take care when ordering deep fried foods if you have serious allergies to nuts.

NOTE:   If you suffer from any life threatening allergies I do have a list of translations for foods and spices that I am willing to provide for those in real need. Please send me a private message with your e-mail address and I will send you the two files in .PDF format (you'll need Adobe Acrobat Reader). Please folks, limit it to serious cases... I can't be spending all of my time sending out these lists to people who really aren't in any danger and could find out the names of the ingredients by checking Google and Google Translator, OK?

William James Woodward - Brazil Animator, Expat-blog

Special update about milk and powdered milk

There have been recent cases throughout Brazil of milk being adulterated with uric acid. There have been news reports of producers in some states engaging in this practice.

The best way to protect yourself from this is to purchase only the most well known brands, if you're not sure which ones those are they are almost without exception the most expensive. You should steer clear of any milk that is priced well below the normal price range of competing brands.  Cheers,
  William James Woodward – Brazil Animator, Expat-blog Team

Oh no, James. Better watch out! Rsrsrsrs :D

Man, I love eating from street vendors, and drinking from the tap, keeps me being a regular guy. Have only had a few cases of food poisoning (3) in the last three years.

Gotta watch out for the milk again, they're back to putting Caustic Soda in it again. A couple of dairy farmers were caught last week adulterating milk they were supplying to a couple of large dairy companies. Thank God the companies had the good sense to report them and toss out the milk.

I'll be moving to Belo this year and have been devouring your entries. Thanks for helping me get informed! I'll request that translation list as soon as I figure out how to send a private message. Just joined today.

Just click on "INBOX" in the green banner at the top of the page and then "SEND MESSAGE" don't forget to send me your e-mail address so I can send you the files as an attachment.

William James Woodward - Brazil & Canada Expert, Expat-blog Team

Where exactly can I find cold milk here? Recently my mom was very concerned when the first thing I drank when I returned home was literally a gallon of ice cold milk in 5 minutes. I am tired of the "dry milk."

Hi Matt,

Some padarias and supermarkets might sell milk in 1 Liter plastic sacks. It may be difficult to find fresh whole milk there in Manaus because of the fact most things are shipped into the city from great distances. You're more likely to find the 1 Liter boxes of UHT milk instead.

Hi everyone - I joined a while back but this is the first time I am writing - I arrived here (Belo Horizonte) on Jan 1. My husband is Brazilian, I am South African - we met in NYC 9 years ago, and have now moved here. Its my first time in Brazil, today I am a little miserable - having trouble adjusting to everything. I actually typed "tea" in the search bar and came across this thread - it has been somewhat comforting to hear that its not just me thinking things are odd here - especially the rotten eggs! It confuses me - kind of a double standard - people are fanatical about washing cans bottles etc, but they will leave stuff out of the fridge, even at home???
Anyway - does anyone here drink tea? I'm talking about good strong English tea, or loose tea like you get in Indian grocery stores. I brought a supply of Barry's Irish tea from the US, but now my mother-in-law has taken a liking to it and seeing her make it is like watching
I've seen "cha preta' in Carrefour but the one I tried wasn't very good. Any suggestions?
Sorry about the vent, thanks for reading....

Just wanted to add something - the other day my mother-in-law was making lunch and she had chopped up some greens which were lying in a bowl on the counter. She said she would cook a little for my toddler to mix into her food. I assumed that was because toddlers don't usually eat salad greens(?) So I grabbed a plate and put a pile of the raw stuff on top of my food. After eating at least half my plate I noticed my mouth felt funny, kind of sore, but it was so gradual I brushed it off. Then I had to stop eating because it felt like I had cuts all over my mouth and tongue. Even my throat began to feel swollen and I got a little panicked.
I asked my MIL what the greens were and she said "taioba" - so I had to go and google it - after much searching I found out you are not supposed to eat them raw - they contain calcium oxalate - which forms in needle-shaped crystals - so the pain you feel is from actual trauma to the mouth. When I told her what happened she just laughed and told me to drink milk.
It was really unpleasant and distressing - please be careful with these unfamiliar plants - people that have eaten them the correct way their whole life may not think to warn you. I hope this helps anyone new to these foods.
Here is a link about calcium oxalate:

Hi Jessie,

You should be able to find specialty and imported teas at the Mercado Central in BH. It's a great place to spend an afternoon. I used to shop there regularly when I lived in BH and recommend it highly.

You might also want to check out Supermercado Verdemar in Diamond Mall while you're at it. It's not to far away from the Mercado Central.

William James Woodward - Brazil & Canada Expert, Expat-blog Team

Thanks for your recommendations William, much appreciated.
I did go to the Mercado Central a couple of weeks ago and enjoyed it very much. I wasn't looking for tea that day, but will definitely be going back as it was a lot to take in especially with a two-year-old.
I will try the other place too.

Thanks again,

Hi Jessie,

If you're into crafts, art and handmade clothing don't miss the Sunday morning Artesan's Fair each week on Av. Alfonso Pena in front of Parque Municipal, it's sensational.

If you want a couple of lists of translations of foods, spices and other products you'll find in supermarkets I have done up two that I provide to our members in PDF format. Just send me a private message with your e-mail address and I will send you the lists. They're a real lifesaver for anyone like me who loves to cook.

William James Woodward - Brazil & Canada Expert, Expat-blog Team

Howzit Jessie

I know how you feel about the tea situation.  I am actually back in Jozi and will be coming back to SP in about 2 months time.  Is there anything that you would like me to bring, like tea (rooibos), Oros, Provita's etc. 


Hey Melissa - howzit! lol this blog is great  ;)
Thanks for writing - can I send a private message?


Of course you can

I'm an Irish girl living here in Sao Paulo and I wonder can anyone help me to find real butter!!! Not the margarine type butter I seem to be coming across but real butter?!

I'm not in Sao Paulo, I'm in BH, but I've bought butter in the supermarket here - the brand was Itambe. It seems to be a well-known brand. The padarias here also sell milk that isn't long-life milk, and the best brand I've tried is Itambe.
Hope this helps!

Awesome I will check that one out, I have tried a few different brands but none have worked for me yet! I don't mind about the milk I actually used Uht milk back in Ireland so as not to waste regular milk but the butter has been driving me crazy! Thanks :)

You should be able to find real butter in the supermarkets in pretty much the same general location as the margarine, you'll have to be quite alert and read the labels carefully since butter here usually comes in exactly the same kind of tubs as margarine. You don't see the traditional blocks like in many other countries. If you have trouble getting it at a supermarket almost every padaria sells butter and fresh pasteurized milk in plastic sacks too.

William James Woodward, Expat-blog Experts Team

Just a point: tapped water is safe in most Brazilian cities, probably safer than in many cities in the United States.

How many Brazilian cities have you been to Ken? I've been in 7 different states and lived in various locations in 5 of them. I wouldn't even drink the water in São Paulo from a tap unless it was filtered or purified. Manaus, don't even think of it unless you want to spend your time in the ER on an IV drip.

IŽve been to dozens of cities, I always drank tapped water, never had a problem.

AndKen wrote:

IŽve been to dozens of cities, I always drank tapped water, never had a problem.

Unfiltered? Very lucky man indeed if that's the case. The water here is almost poison in most cities. Nobody in Brazil, not even native Brazilians drinks water straight from the tap, just ask any of them. Most drink bottled water or at the very least use a water filter or purifier. I've known lot of people who've gotten serious abdominal problems from ice cubes that are made from unfiltered tap water.

You know, I just love anecdotal information.... "I did this", "I did that", "I did the other". It's the absolutely most UNRELIABLE information of all.

AndKen.... I once was involved in a car accident where my car was completely destroyed. I walked away without a scratch even though I wasn't wearing a seatbelt. That said I'd never advise people NOT TO WEAR A SEATBELT because to say that would be just plain STUPID.

Tap water safe? Not a chance..... every public place you go, every employer all their water coolers are connected not only to huge and highly visible in-line filters, but the coolers themselves are purifiers too. Those that don't use them the water coolers are bottled water. Would they go to all that expense if the drinking water exactly as it comes from the tap was safe to drink? Clearly not! Would the bottled water industry be so large and profitable if the tap water was safe? Absolutely not, the average Brazilian wouldn't waste his money buying bottled water otherwise...... and we all know that you'll find bottled water in almost every Brazilian household or at least the good old "filtro".

I'd suggest that you go to Manaus - AM or to Porto Seguro - BA or maybe Vitória - ES or Contagem - MG and drink the tap water in any of those cities, if you survive to come back then you can tell us OK?

In the meantime I'm going to warn you one more time, and only one more time, stop posting contradicting and false information on the forums as you've been doing especially when what you're doing can lead to injury or harm to other members. Should you fail to heed this warning appropriate action will be taken.

William James Woodward, Expat-blog Experts Team

Well folks, just like Deja Vu it's happening all over again with UHT milk being adulterated with caustic soda and/or formaldehyde in Brazil. This is the 4th such case in the past 10 months and it seems that the Brazilian government is simply incapable to stop the practice in any permanent way.

The adulterations involve two major brands Parmalat and Lider, produced on February 13th and 14th this year. When buying UHT milk boxes it is necessary not only to check the validity date of the product but if it's Parmalat or Lider then also check the date of production.

William James Woodward

How do you find these things out? Do they broadcast them on the news? Just curious....
I don't really watch the news but my mother in law does and she never tells us stuff like this.


Actually this has been all over the news. It's a recurring problem and the government just seems unable to get a handle on controlling the safety of the food supply. It's sad, every year we see them adulterating milk, repackaging cheeses and meats that are past their date of validity. Disgusting!!!


Try Verde Mar supermarket on Nossa Senhora do Carmo. You can find a lot of tea there. The best supermarket in BH.

Good luck !


Thanks, Gilfrour! One of my students told me about Verde Mar the other day - I will definitely check it out.

A great tip for washing the chemicals off of your fresh fruit and vegetables is to soak them in a bowl of filtered water adding a couple of cap fills of Apple Cider Vinegar. That stuff is magic!
~ Elizabeth
P.S William what are the supermarkets in Sao Paulo that stock the best range of foreign favorites?

The best supermarket for imported foods that I personally know of in São Paulo is Casa Santa Luzia located at Alameda Lorena, 1471 - São Paulo - SP Tel.: (11) 3897-5000 it's an amazing place.

Check their online catalogue at

William James Woodward, EB Experts Team

Great thank you! Looks like they will deliver also. Cheers.

Would love list of English translations for foods, spices, etcetera. Will be spending summer in Belo Horizonte-- hope to make some side trips, too!  Thanks so much!!

Do they have a Verde Mar supermarket in Rio? Would like to find a good quality tea source as well.

Brunfy wrote:

Would love list of English translations for foods, spices, etcetera. Will be spending summer in Belo Horizonte-- hope to make some side trips, too!  Thanks so much!!

Hi Brunfy,

Unfortunately our private message system isn't set up to send attached files. Please send me a private message with your e-mail address and I will be glad to send you the list.

James      Expat-blog Experts Team

Glad to hear I'm not the only one whose had trouble with food in Brazil. Not to mention that groceries are TOO EXPENSIVE. Produce is absolutely UGLY. I tried going to many local farmer's markets in Recife and they are absolutely disgusting. They even try to sell you rotten vegetables. UGH. As far as the milk situation, I always wondered why it's hard to find pasteurized know, REAL milk. Nor the powdered stuff. I gave up on UHT as well and now I make my own cashew milk batch every week. Natural, no unknown chemicals.