Phones and internet have almost become essential everyday communication tools in the world. Hence, Turkey is no exception. Here is an overview of the country's telecommunications network.
Like most developed countries worldwide, Turkey also has a wide telecommunications coverage, including phones and internet networks. In fact, the country has many phone and internet service providers which offer a variety of services along with attractive packages.
Turkey's international phone code is '90' followed by the area code. Turkish phone numbers generally go as follows: 0 area code phone number containing three to seven digits. If you are calling someone in the same region as you are, the area code will not be required. You can simply dial the seven-digit telephone to get connected.
You will also find public phone booths in Turkey. These generally require prepaid phone card you can purchase in post offices and shops. Rates vary as from TL 5 for 50 units and TL 10 for 100 units respectively. Phones and fax facilities known as 'kontürlü telefon' are also available in some shops. Communication rates are paid to the shopkeeper.
Obtain a land line
If you wish to apply for a land line, visit the nearest Turk Telekom branch to your place. Documents to be produced are your passport and resident permit. The process is free of charge. However, the connection fee will be included in your monthly bill.
You are also advised to check if your house or apartment has ever been connected in the past. If this is the case, you could receive unsettled bills and the phone line will be blocked within ten days as from the date of settlement. Therefore, you will only be able to receive phone calls.
Turkcell is Turkey's leading mobile service provider, along with Avea and Telsim (Vodafone), which are two other major service providers. Most expats choose the prepaid service. You can purchase prepaid sim cards in most phone and electronic shops.
As regards internet, most individuals and companies subscribe with Türk Telekom which offers line and cable connections. But other service providers also offer various types of connections and services. Moreover, E-Kolay, Superonline, Netone Turk.net are also quite present on the Turkish telecommunications market. Subscription terms generally vary between 1, 3, 6 to 12 months.
On the other hand, you can also find internet cafes and centers in most cities. Rates go as from TL 1 per hour.
You may also access to free Wi-Fi in hotels, restaurants and holiday accommodations.