About Iceland

Iceland is a volcanic island that has geological features that make it a particularly unique place to live. Thanks to government efforts to protect these unique surroundings and an abundance of renewable energy from geothermal to hydro, it is a very environmentally-friendly nation, coming in second in the 2017 Yale Environmental Performance Index.

Given its proximity to the Arctic, it is unsurprising that the climate is colder than most. However, it is slightly warmer than some of its Nordic neighbours, thanks to Atlantic ocean currents. However, you can expect short winter days and long summer evenings.

Most of the country's population live in the south-west of Iceland, in or near the capital city of Reykjavik. This is due to the geology that provides the island's spectacular scenery, as it also makes large parts of Iceland uninhabitable, thanks to active volcanoes and glaciers, amongst other natural features. It is important to note that cars are the primary form of transport to navigate Iceland's rugged terrain.

Aside from its natural environment, Iceland is also frequently cited for its egalitarian society, with some of the highest levels of social and gender equality. It was also one of the first countries to legalise same-sex marriage and has a well-regarded universal health care system.

Although the country suffered severely in the 2007-08 financial crisis, it has since moved its economy from an economic focus. There is a broad range of industry sectors. However, it is, for the most part, service-based, with a notable growth in tourism over the last decade.

In contrast with the often stark volcanic landscape, the county's culture is filled with fables and sagas from bygone eras, which have created a modern culture that is closely intertwined with this history. Close ties with Nordic traditions have resulted in a wealth of literature, music and art for expats to discover and participate in.