Work in the USA as a Brazilian

Greetings!

I have a question about working in the USA.

I just moved to Virginia a few months ago, my green card is on the way (8 months in) as I got married. My work permit is in its works but it might take a while to come.

My question is, if I'm Brazilian and live in the US can I still put my address as brazil and work for a US company for USD without the work permit? If I do put my address as Brazilian one would that interfere with my green card process? Would I have to pay taxes? And to whom, US or Brazil?
No, you cannot put a Brazilian address and simply work without the permit!  If you did so, yes it could jeopardize your status.  DON'T DO IT.  Wait for your work authorization and work legally.