About Nauru


Formerly known as “Pleasant Island”, Nauru proudly holds the title of the smallest independent island republic in the world. Located in the Central Pacific Ocean and belonging to the subregion of Micronesia, the island covers the area of just 21 square kilometres.

The tiny island has a complicated history — originally inhabited by Micronesians and Polynesians, it was occupied by Germany, Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and the UK before achieving its independence in 1968.

In the early 20th century the country had abundant reserves of phosphates that were actively exploited under foreign rule. Later, when the state became independent, Nauru became the country with the highest per capita income in the world. But when the resources were exhausted, the island’s economy faced a severe downturn, and was “saved” when the mining of the deeper phosphate reserves began. As of now, phosphates export and fishing are the two backbones of the island’s economy.

Nauru has a population of 10,301 people, who speak Nauran and English. Nauruan is the official language while English is the language of business, commerce, and administration. The island’s population is a mix of Micronesian, Polynesian, and Melanesian ethnicities. The Australian dollar is the country’s official currency — note that you will need to pay cash when staying on Nauru as credit or debit cards are not accepted.

Most foreign nationals do require a visa before travelling to the island, as well as a valid travel document and proof of hotel booking. Residents of some countries (Taiwan, Russia, Israel, Cook Islands, Fiji, and some others) can obtain a visa on arrival.

Nauru lacks modern tourist facilities that bigger islands can offer, and tourism is not a significant contributor to the economy. With that said, if you are willing to trade in your comfort for quiet and tranquillity, the small island has a lot to offer for a relaxing stay — from calm blue lagoons and white sand beaches to jungle trekking and World War II sites.