Updated 4 days ago

Rome is the capital city of Italy and is one of the key cultural and tourist hotspots in the country. It is also the largest tourist destination across the European continent. Along with its unique archaeological sites and its world-famous museums, Rome is an intricately beautiful city you will certainly want to learn more about before settling down.

Exploring the city of Rome

Rome is the main city in the Latium region and spreads over 1285 square metres. It is home to more than 3 million people and is one of the largest cities in Europe. Its outskirts considered, the number of inhabitants can go up to 4 million. The capital was built by Romulus in 735 BC and has been the cradle of the Roman Empire. Today, ruins like the Coliseum are proof of how grand it once was. Several historically packed sites like The Vatican still stand to date. With its impressive bridges, its fountains and its 900 churches, Rome is a living museum everyone must experience at least once in their lives.

The historic centre of Rome is founded on seven hills which is why Rome is often referred to as the City of 7 hills along with Eternal City and Caput Mundi (Capital of the World).

The Seven Hills are named after seven different places:

  • The Aventine (In Italian: Aventino)
  • The Caelian (In Italian: Celio)
  • The Capitoline (In Italian: Campidoglio)
  • The Esquiline (In Italian: Esquilino)
  • The Palatine (In Italian: Palatino)
  • Le Quirinal (In Italian: Quirinale)
  • The Viminal (In Italian: Viminale)

Two other hills are also known as being a part of Rome: The Janiculum and The Pincian.

Climate and nature in Rome

Rome is located at the mouth of the Tiber River. All year round, the city offers a pleasant Mediterranean climate: Winter tends to be very gentle although temperatures can drop to almost zero in December, January or February. In summer, the weather is both hot and dry with temperatures rising to 40°C. You probably will not experience many rainy days throughout the year although these can happen during autumn and springs. One may often experience a storm during summer too.

Found very close to the Tyrrhenian sea and the Apennines, Rome is a great pick to enjoy both activities on the outskirts of the city and at the beach, especially during summer.

Rome ranks among the greenest capitals in Europe. Boasting incredibly vast lush green areas like Villa Doria Pamphili, Villa Ada, Villa Borghese, the Pincio gardens or Villa Torlonia, Rome is also home to numerous nature reserves and regional parks.

Here are some of the most famous green spots:

  • Appia Antica Park
  • Monte Mario Reserve
  • Pineto Regional Park
  • The most extensive park: At the State Natural Reserve of the Roman Coast which covers more than 16 327 hectares, you can find around 145 different animal species!

Economic situation and cost of living

Undoubtedly, Rome remains a top tourist destination although its current financial situation is not blooming. In recent years, it has admittedly gone down a little due to poor economic management. For that matter, Milan is the economic capital of Italy. Regardless of the situation, numerous well-established organisations like the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) have their headquarters in Rome. Nowadays, the technology and pharmaceutical fields are known to expand quite rapidly in the region.

When it comes to the cost of living, Rome is very similar to other European Capitals although prices can be slightly more affordable or cheaper depending on the area you are in.

Social life

You will be quick to find out that Romans are welcoming and warm by nature. However, knowing a few words of Italian may help in the process of conversing with Roman people as they may not always speak other languages.

Given the fact that Rome is an international city, it is packed with foreign visitors and expatriates, making it quite easy for anyone to meet people of the same nationality. Regularly, aperitif events are held for people who would like to meet other people or learn new languages. These are called Tandems. If you are a student, under the Erasmus programme, for instance, you will undoubtedly benefit from several happenings hosted by the organisation itself.

How to get around in Rome

The transport system in Rome consists of 3 main subway lines; The A & B line are both functional while the C Line which links up San Giovanni to the Eastern part of the city is currently under construction. Buses, tramways and urban trains are other conventional means of transport used by people to commute. One thing one should always keep in mind is to make sure to check your itinerary before travelling, especially since urban transportation can get chaotic sometimes. You can opt for monthly or annual transport packages. For more information, you can check out the official ATAC website.

Motor-bike, Scooter and Car rental services are available in Rome. You can also try out car-sharing mobile applications. These may sometimes be very convenient options as parking lots are not very easy to find, especially during peak hours.

We do our best to provide accurate and up to date information. However, if you have noticed any inaccuracies in this article, please let us know in the comments section below.