If you want to explore Latin America, Brazil is a country to discover. Find in this article information on its geography, demography and economy.
With an area of 8,514,876 km2, Brazil is a choice destination for expatriates around the world. It is the largest South American country and the fifth in the world. Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the East, it stretches to the Amazon and Parana rivers and shares its borders with most Latin American countries except Chile and Ecuador. The capital of Brazil is Brasilia. Major cities such as Rio de Janeiro or Sao Paolo stand among the most popular destinations in the country.
Brazil is also known for being one of the most densely populated countries in the world with more than 201 million inhabitants in 2013. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. The country is a member of the Portuguese-speaking Countries Community. Other languages such as Spanish, Indonesian and English are also spoken given the high expatriation rate every year.
The country has the sixth largest economy in the world with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of US $ 2,253 in 2012. After experiencing an economic crisis for some fifteen years, the Brazilian economy has benefited from the support of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as well as other agencies. Brazil's economy is mainly based on commercial agriculture, industry, oil resources. Brazil also exports naval and aviation products, electrical equipment, ethanol, textiles and minerals.
Brazil is a Federal Republic with a presidential system. The country is divided into 26 states and a federal district governed by a constitution voted in 1988. The House of Representatives is composed of 513 seats while the Senate counting 81 members, has the legislative power. The President and Vice-President of the Republic are elected for a four years period. Dilma Rousseff has been appointed as the President of the Republic in January 2011.
Most of the country lies in the southern hemisphere with a hot and humid tropical climate. The two seasons, winter and summer, are marked on most of the territory. In winter, during June, July and August, temperature can drop to 10°C and can rise up to 40°C in summer. In mountainous areas, temperature can drop to below 0°C in winter.