2013-05-17 12:11:20

Stretching over 1,667,441 km2, Quebec is the largest of Canada's ten provinces. Over the years, it has been attracting thousands of expatriates. Learn more

If you are about to move to Quebec, here is an overview of this Canadian province which attracts thousands of expatriates every year.

Quebec is located in the North-East of Canada, with an area of 1,667,441 km². It extends from the border of the United States up to the northern seas over nearly 2,000 km. Its total surface area equals to the one of Spain, Portugal, France, Belgium, Switzerland and Germany combined.

They are a lot of lakes and rivers: the St. Lawrence River one of the longest rivers in the world. It ranges over 1,000 km from West to East and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. It represents one of the region's main sources of drinking water. Quebec also has some 750,000 lakes, and around 130,000 rivers and streams. Water is the primary source of energy and is one of the pillars of the Quebec economy. The forests which are almost ubiquitous in the region cover almost half of the country over a total area of 750,300 km².


Quebec is divided into four climatic zones: arctic, subarctic, humid continental and East maritime. In summer, average temperatures range between 5°C and 25°C from south to north. In winter, they vary between -10°C and -25°C. In regions like the James Bay and Ungava Bay, winter temperatures can reach -50°C. In periods of intense heat and cold, temperatures can reach up to 35°C in summer and -40°C in winter.


Quebec has four distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter, whose conditions differ by region. They differ by the number of days of sunshine, temperatures as well as the precipitation of snow and rain. The seasons are marked by large temperature differences, and three types of climate that correspond to regions covered, respectively, by the forest, taiga and tundra.

In southern Quebec, sunshine lasts about eight hours only in December. This is when it is the shortest. In the temperate northern territories of the Far North, brightness varies with latitude, northern lights and midnight sun areas.


The population of Quebec is relatively low given the immensity of its territory. In fact, most of its inhabitants live in the South or in the fertile valley of the St. Lawrence River. American Indians and Inuits live in fifty villages scattered throughout the country. The province also welcomes an average of 50 000 immigrants from a hundred countries each year. All are actively involved in the economic, social and cultural development of the region.

Most of the inhabitants of Quebec speak French, although English is widely spoken and understood.

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