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Travelling around Turkey

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Turkey is a huge country offering a variety of landscapes and attractions. Most expats settle in major cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir or Antalya, but should not miss the opportunity to travel around the country and discover the stunning rocky landscapes of Cappadocia or the beautiful beaches of Fethiye, for example.

Here is an overview of the various means of transportation that will allow to you travel inside Turkey.

Aeroplanes

Turkey is home to 55 airports — Istanbul, Izmir, Dalaman and Bodrum being some of the busiest. Besides the flagship company Turkish Airlines, a handful of smaller carriers, like Anadolu Jet, Atlasjet, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines or Sun Express operate frequent domestic flights.

 Useful links:

Turkish Airlines: www.turkishairlines.com
Anadolu Jet: www.anadolujet.com
Atlasjet: www.atlasjet.com
Pegasus Airlines: www.pegasusairlines.com
Sun Express: www.sunexpress.com

Travelling by bus

Private bus and coach companies cover long-haul routes across the whole country. They represent the cheapest transportation option (from 65 Turkish liras for Istanbul-Ankara for example). Coaches tend to be clean, comfortable and rather punctual, especially if you pick a well-known company, and all offer complimentary soft drinks and snacks.

Tickets can be bought either online or directly at the bus stations. Although stations are generally found in city outskirts, carriers usually arrange free transfers from and to city centres.

 Good to know:

If you are travelling at peak periods, like national public holidays, you should if possible try to book in advance, as buses rapidly get fully booked. Carriers’ same-sex seating policy —preventing unrelated male and female travellers to be seated next to each other — also reduces seat availability.

 Useful links:

Kamil Koç: www.kamilkoc.com.tr
Metro Turizm: www.metroturizm.com.tr
Ulusoy: www.ulusoy.com.tr

Trains in Turkey

Trains connect major cities in central and eastern Anatolia, but the railways network somewhat leaves out the Mediterranean and Aegean coasts.

Turkish railways have recently experienced a stride with the launch of a new Yuksek Hizli Tren (high-speed train) connecting Ankara, Konya, Eskisehir and Istanbul. Comfort is also improving, with the rollout of modern, air-conditioned passengers cars, of comfortable sleeping berths for overnight journeys and of restaurant cars serving soft drinks and cold food.

Booking is available online or at the stations.

 Good to know:

The Haydarpasa train station, Istanbul’s historic station, is no longer in service since 2012, but talks about converting it into a museum or an entertainment facility are under way.

 Useful link:

TCDD - Turkish Railway network: www.tcdd.gov.tr

Boat

Istanbul Deniz Otobüsleri (IDO) connects the different Turkish cities through passenger boats and car ferries across the Marmara Sea. You may also travel from Istanbul to Kabatas Cinarcik and Princes' Islands, or to other regions such as Bandirma Yenikapı, Bursa and Yalova.

 Useful link:

Istanbul Deniz Otobusleri: www.ido.com

Driving in Turkey

Driving in Turkey may be the most comfortable option provided you own a valid driver's license. Turkey has a quite straightforward traffic regulation, with vehicles driving on the right-hand side of the road. Note however that traffic jams are quite frequent, especially in the outskirts of large cities.

Car rental facilities are available in city centres or in the vicinity of transportation hubs (like train or bus stations).

We do our best to provide accurate and up to date information. However, if you have noticed any inaccuracies in this article, please let us know in the comments section below.
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Member since 01 June 2008
Small earth, Mauritius
1 Comment
John254
John254
2 years ago

Thanks for the info

Reply

See also

Inexpensive public transport is available in Turkish cities (such as buses, trams and metros. You can also take a taxi to your destination.
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The Turkish population is world famous for its culture and hospitality. Hence, you should not have much trouble in adapting to their lifestyle.
Turkey has numerous options to keep your child occupied, from day care centres to all manner of entertainment options.

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