Expats in Spain are eligible to the public health care system. But you also have to contribute to the local social security service. Find an overview of the Spanish health care system in this article.
In Spain, all foreign workers without exception financially contribute to the local social security system, and, as such, are fully entitled to register with the national health fund. EU-EEA citizens can keep their national health coverage up to one year through form E-101, or up to two years through form E-102. After two years in Spain, EU-EEA citizen must register with the Spanish Healthcare System (INGESA).
Health care provided in the framework of the INGESA is free of charge, except for eye and dental care. In order to enroll, you must register with the nearest Local Social Security Office ("Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social") and apply for a Social Security Card. The registration documents' checklist includes: a passport, a birth certificate, proof of residence in Spain and all supporting documents of your dependants (spouse, children etc..).
The social security card is sent to the requestor by post mail within approximately two months. Once the social security card in your possession, it is necessary to register with a local heath center ("Centro de Salud") where you will be assigned a GP. You can change or choose another GP without much difficulty. In case you need to consult a specialist, you must necessarily request an appointment through your GP.
You can choose a private health insurance as a complement or substitute of the INGESA coverage. With a private insurance, waiting times to consult a specialist are shorter and you'll be fully covered for all care, including dental or eye.
If you need a private health insurance for Spain adapted to your needs, get your free and personalized online quotation here!
Emergency numbers in Spain:
112: European emergency number
061: Medical emergency
080: Fire brigade
091: National Police
092: Metropolitan Police