Discovering Spain


If you are in search of new opportunities along with a different lifestyle, Spain may be the ideal destination. Here is some general information on this South European country.

Spain is one of Southern Europe main expat destinations. Every year, the country welcomes thousands of expatriates from the European Union as well as from other countries. Stretching over some 504,030 km², it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, France, Andorra and Portugal. Spain's capital city is Madrid and its largest cities are Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla and Malaga.


In early 2014, Spain's population amounted to around 46 725 164 inhabitants, including a large number of expatriates from across the globe. Madrid remains the largest and most important Spanish city with a population of some 3,3 million inhabitants, including a large number of expatriates. Spain's official language is Spanish or Castilian. But many other languages are also spoken in different regions, namely Catalan, Basque, Galician, etc. Some languages, such as ''Asturian o lénonais'' and ''Aragonese'' are also recognized by law.


Spain is the European Union's fifth economic power, ranked twelfth in the global economy. Its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is estimated at about 1,394 billion U.S. dollars in 2014 by the European Commission, representing a 1% growth rate in 2014 which is expected to grow by at least 1,7% in 2015.

Spain's economy is based on various sectors, namely industry, precision engineering, electronics, pharmaceuticals, oil, gas, uranium, energy, metal ores, etc. The secondary sector and tourism, shipbuilding, automotive industry and aeronautics are other important economic pillars. In fact, these are the country's main employment generators.

Note that Spain is a member of the European Union, United Nations, World Trade Organization, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, among others.


Spain is a multiple party constitutional monarchy headed by King Felipé VI who has been ruling since 2014. He is also the head of government, head of state and President of the Government. Moreover, the executive power is in the government's hands while legislative power is governed by the Spanish Parliament. The Spanish parliament is bicameral, consisting of a congress of deputies and a senate. Regarding the judiciary, it is an independent system.


Spain's climate is divided into three zones: the Mediterranean climate, the semi-arid climate and oceanic climate. The first is characterized by high and dry temperatures in summer, especially in the country's south and north-west. The semi-arid climate prevails in the South with dry temperatures, even after summer. As for the oceanic climate, it prevails mainly in coastal regions. In mountainous regions, however, temperatures are rather humid. Note that Spain has very little rainfall throughout the year. Hence, water shortage due to drought.

If you have any query on life in Spain, feel free to ask your questions on the Spain Forum.

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