Looking for career prospects in Romania? Find out all that you need to know on the local labor market in this article.
The number of foreign workers in Romania seems to be increasing year in, year out. Indeed, more and more of them have chosen to expatriate to Romania, not only for the numerous professional opportunities that are available there but also for low cost of living. In January 2014, the local workforce consisted of more than 9 million workers, including some 145,000 foreigners. So if you are also looking for challenges and new career prospects, why not trying your luck there?
Romania has a developed economy with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of 151,3 billion euros in 2014 at a growth rate of 3.5%. Its main economic pillars are agriculture, fishing, industry and services. Over the years, many multinational, government and private companies, as well as non-government organizations (NGOs) have also set up in the country. Among these, you have OMV Petrom SA, Rompetrol Rafinare SA, Orange Romania, Vodafone Romania, Hidroelectrica, Automobile DACIA SA, Renault Industry Romania, British American Tobacco and Carrefour Roumanie SA, etc.
Most jobs in Romania are provided by the following industries: confection, manufacture, assembling, security, textile and trade. Tourism is also a very promising field in some regions. In general, most employment prospects are available in Bucovine in the North East of the country and in the Danube region which is in the South-east. Bucharest, the capital city, also demonstrates an unemployment rate of 6,4% which is relatively low compared to the West and North-west of Romania.
Find a job
Finding a job in Romania is not a difficult task at all. In fact, department agencies have the key responsibility of informing and advising job seekers and the unemployed are mediators. These also provide information and advice to employers free of charge. Moreover, jobs available at department and national levels are advertised on a local database. This is because Romanian employers are required to declare all vacancies within their companies and institutions. These vacancies are then advertised by the National Employment Agency.
You can as well search for jobs on the Internet thanks to numerous job websites as well as professional social networks which are a useful interaction platform between employers and employees. You can even post your resume on some of these so that potential employers can get in touch with you. Finally, local, regional and national newspapers also advertise job vacancies in their classified ads section.
Consider identifying a few companies, from business directories, to which you can send spontaneous job applications. You might be lucky, who knows! Foreign Chambers of Commerce in Romania may also help.
In general, job applications have to be made in Romanian. However, you can still write your cover letter in English or French if the job for which you are applying requires the knowledge and understanding of a foreign language. Resumes, for their part, have to be written according to the Romanian standard, including your qualifications, skills, experience in a chronological order, etc.
During the interview, potential employers can request you to produce your diplomas, certificates justifying your skills, recommendation letters or any other document justifying your skills. Moreover, you are highly advised to be in possession of a copy of your clean criminal record and of a medical certificate. These documents may be requested for some particular jobs whereby you can also have to undergo a psychological assessment.
According to Romanian labor laws, the duration of a working day should be uniform, that is eight hours a day over five days. Thus, you are entitled to two rest days per week, as well as a total of 20 paid local leaves per year.
There are three types of employment contracts in Romania: fixed term contracts, indefinite contracts and contracts that are established by temporary agencies. Some companies also provide part time jobs and even “work from home”. Conditions can be negotiated during the Interview. But these should be indicated on the employment contract.
Once you have been hired, you are required to make social contributions which will automatically be deducted from your salary and paid to the National Tax Agency. In 2015, these are being deducted as follows:
- 10,5 % for invalidity and retirement pension(rate limited according to the gross salary for all sources of revenue)
- 5,50 % for benefits in kind in case of illness and maternity
- 0,5 % for unemployment insurance.
In the case of independent workers, contributions are made as follows:
- 31,3 % for invalidity and old age insurance (monthly limit: 5 time the average salary)
- 5,5 % for benefits in kind in case of illness and maternity
- 0,85 % for cash benefits in case of illness and maternity
- 1 % for accidents and diseases related to work (voluntary insurance)
- 1 % for unemployment insurance (voluntary).
Good to know:
You will be eligible to the Romanian Social Security once you have your resident permit. Contributions vary from year to year according to the new average salary as announced by the government.
Expat.com – Jobs in Romania
ANOFM – National Employment Agency www.anofm.ro
Departmental Employment Agencies www.anofm.ro/site-uri-ajofm
Linked In www.linkedin.com
EURES – The European Job Mobility Portal ec.europa.eu
My Job www.myjob.ro
Finance Professionals www.financeprofessionals.ro