What are the career prospects that are available in Luxembourg? How to proceed to find a job there? Find out in this article.
Despite being one of the European Union's smallest countries, Luxembourg displays a prosperous economy. In fact, it provides many career prospects and job opportunities for foreign professionals, including the European Union and European Economic Area's nationals, as well as border workers coming from Belgium, France and Germany. So if you wish to work in Luxembourg, take the time to inquire on its labor market and prospects so as to determine if you would fit in. But as it is, finding a job there should not be difficult.
Luxembourg's labor market is characterized by an international and multicultural work environment, consisting of a large number of foreign and multilingual employees. This is one of the reasons why major international companies have set up their head office or subsidiaries in the country. Note that information and communication technology, media, finance, as well as multinational companies involved in the digital economy, such as Skype, PayPal and eBay, are the most dynamic and promising sectors in terms of employment.
Nationals of the European Union and assimilated countries, including Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, and the Swiss Confederation, can travel freely within the EU. They are also allowed to work freely, except for Croatian nationals who have to obtain a work permit during their first year of employment in Luxembourg. The work permit requirement also applies to foreign nationals coming from non-European countries, regardless of the duration of their employment contract. The application has to be made at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
You can also refer to the article Visas for Luxembourg for more details regarding visas and work permits.
Find a job
Internet will probably be your main ally during your job search in Luxembourg. Indeed, you can start by browsing job offers on general and specialized websites. You can also post your resume on professional social networks so that employers can get in touch with you directly.
Feel free register with a temporary recruitment agency which can help you find a job according to your profile. You can find these in online directories.
Apply for a job
Before applying for a job, you are advised to gather all necessary documents in case these would be requested by employers. In fact, some companies, and even recruitment agencies, may require you to produce your criminal record, a translation or a certificate regarding your diplomas, and even accreditation of prior professional experience.
Some job websites also provide tips in terms of job applications, namely examples of cover letters, useful information that your resume should contain, etc. These may be very useful, especially for first time job seekers.
According to existing labor laws and regulations, a fixed-term contract can be renewed twice. However, the contract should not exceed an accumulated period of 24 months. As there is no trial period requirement in Luxembourg, the contract may be terminated before it expires for one of the following reasons: serious fault either on the part of the employer or on that of the employee or in the case of an agreement between the two parties.
A legal working week consists of 40 hours, that is a maximum of 8 hours per day. Overtime is paid as either as a salary increase or as compensated time-off, at the employer's convenience.
The minimum social wage is adjusted every two years and indexed to the cost of living. It takes into account the employee's age and his level of qualification.
Employees are entitled to 25 days of annual leaves every year. Employees with disabilities, for their part, are entitled to 31 days per year. Leaves can be fixed at the employee's convenience with the employer's agreement.
Any absence related to incapacity to work should be reported to the employer as from the first day. A medical certificate must then be produced within three days, unless otherwise is specified by the employer.
Dismissal with notice does not have to be justified in the termination letter. However, the reason has to be indicated in the employee's contract after the probation period. A prior notice is required in any case of dismissal, except in cases of serious misconduct, regardless of the employee's age. Immediate dismissal must be justified in the termination letter.
Any dispute relating to labor law is referred to the Labor Court. A severance allowance pay must be paid to the employee who is dismissed with notice if he has worked for the employer for at least five years. However, employees are not eligible to unemployment benefits in case of termination of contract by mutual agreement.
Income tax is deducted at source by the employer.
Regardless of their origin, all workers in Luxembourg have to be affiliated to one of the country's social security funds. Registration to the Centre commun de la Sécurité sociale (CCSS) is the employer's responsibility. The Caisse nationale de santé, that is the National Health Fund (CNS) is intended for the private sector. The public sector, for its part, has the Caisse de maladie des fonctionnaires et employés communaux (CMFEC) and the Entraide médicale de la Société nationale des chemins de fer luxembourgeois.
Finally, border workers also have to register with a competent National Health Fund. Find more information in the article Health care in Luxembourg.
Agence pour le développement de l'emploi (ADEM) www.adem.public.lu
Portail de la fonction publique – Public Service Portal www.fonction-publique.public.lu
Expat.com – Jobs in Luxembourg
Yellow Luxembourg – Recruitment agencies directory www.yellow.lu
Jobs in Luxembourg www.jobsinluxembourg.eu
Linked In www.linkedin.com