Information about Denmark


Denmark is a small kingdom with nearly 6 million inhabitants and a member of the European Union that is welcoming to expats.

Located in Northern Europe, Denmark enjoys a modern economy and a developed standard of living. Regularly ranking among the world's richest and most prosperous countries, it is no wonder expats are drawn to Denmark. It is a modern country with a relaxed lifestyle in which ecology is strongly emphasized. So whether you are planning to work, study, or retire there, you are likely to have a pleasant stay.

Geography of Denmark

Denmark’s 42,930 km² is populated by roughly 5.7 million people. It consists of a large peninsula and a collection 443 islands, 74 of which are inhabited. It is bordered by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea and Germany. Sweden and Norway lie in close proximity across the water.

A relatively flat country, Denmark’s highest natural point reaches just 170.86 meters above sea level. The landscape is rolling farmland, forests, and urban areas.

The Danish territory consists of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands. The country is divided into 5 regions, namely Northern Jutland (Nordjylland), Central Jutland (Midtjylland), Southern Denmark (Syddanmark), Zealand (Sjælland) and the Capital Region (Hovedstaden).

Demographics and Language

Though there is no official data on the ethnic groups living in Denmark, it is reported by Statistics Denmark that approximately 87.7% of the population has at least one parent who was born in Denmark. The remaining percentage comes from countries such as Turkey, Poland, Germany, Iraq, Syria, and Romania, among others.

It will come as no surprise that Danish is the main language of Denmark. Many people speak German, which is recognized as a minority language in the Southern Denmark region, and a high percentage of the population speaks English proficiently.

Denmark's major cities

Copenhagen is Denmark’s capital as well as its biggest city, followed by Aarhus, Odense, Aalborg and Esbjerg. The collective population of these five cities makes up about 1.9 million of Denmark’s total population.

Randers, Kolding, Horsens, Vejle and Roskilde are other important cities.

Economy

As mentioned above, Denmark has a modern economy that relies heavily on foreign trade. Eco-technology, design, electronics, natural resources, food and beverages, as well as industrial machinery, military equipment, and pharmaceuticals are all exported, making a significant contribution to Denmark’s economic prosperity.

The Danish krone is relatively stable, allowing for high security and living standards. Though Denmark has chosen not to adopt the euro, the krone and euro remain linked, and Denmark is a member of the European Union.

Denmark's climate

Denmark has a temperate climate with four distinct seasons. Summers are generally cool, winters are fairly mild, and rain and wind are not uncommon year round. Temperatures can reach over 30 °C in the summer and well below freezing in the winter, but extended periods of either extreme heat or cold are rare.

Because of its northern location, daylight hours are quite a bit shorter in winter than in summer. The shortest day in December has just 7 hours between sunrise and sunset, compared to 17 ½ hours on the longest day in June.  

 Useful links:

Denmark.dk – Denmark Official Portal
European Union Portal – Denmark
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark