In this article, find out everything you need to know about Vietnam if you fancy an adventure in a South East Asian country. With a population of around 89 million inhabitants, it attracts thousands of expatriates every year.
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam, most commonly known as Vietnam is a South East Asian country. The country stretches over some 331,041 km² and is bordered by Laos and Cambodia in the West, China in the North and the East Sea in the South, as well as the Gulf of Thailand and the Gulf of Tonkin. The country consists of three main regions, namely North Tonkin, Annam and Cochin in central South. The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi.
According to official statistics, Vietnam has a population of more than 90 million inhabitants. The official language is Vietnamese. However, some fifty other languages, including Mandarin and Khmer, as well as English and French are spoken by different groups, mostly expatriates.
Vietnam's economy is mainly based on agriculture, especially rice cultivation, exports, petroleum products and mineral resources. The growth rate in 2013 is estimated at 5.2 %, while the inflation rate was at 12.6% in 2012. The country's main export partners are the United States, Japan and China. Vietnam is a member of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Vietnam is a socialist republic. The country is governed by the Vietnamese National Assembly which is elected every five years by indirect suffrage. The Prime Minister of Vietnam is Nguyen Tan Dung, elected in July 2006. In July 2011, Truong Tan Sang became the President of the State of Vietnam. Moreover, Nguyen Phu Trong is the Secretary-General of the Vietnamese Communist Party since January 2011.
Vietnam has a tropical climate in the South and humid subtropical climate in the North. Some areas regularly experience monsoons while others have a drier climate. The dry season lasts from November to April in the South and from February to August in the center of the country. The wet season lasts from May to October in the South and from September to January in the center. Moreover, temperatures vary between 5°C from December to January and 37°C in April.