Here is an overview of Thailand, of its population, economy and environment to help you to better prepare your trip to the country.
The Royal Kingdom of Thailand, more commonly known as Thailand, is a south-east Asian country. Divided into 77 provinces, it covers an area of 514,000 km2, spreading to West Burma, South Malaysia, Cambodia at the east and Laos in the north-east. The capital of Thailand is Krung Thep, formerly called Bangkok. The official language is Thai but some sixty local languages are spoken by the inhabitants.
According to the World Bank statistics, the population of Thailand was around 66,785,000 people in 2012, placing it in the 19th rank among the world's most densely populated countries. The population consists of 75% of Thai, 14% of Chinese and 3% of Malay. There are also numerous tribes in the hills, like the Mons and the Khmers.
The Thai economy is growing gradually at a rate of 6.4% and an inflation rate of 3.0%. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) amounted to $ 365 564 375 701 in 2012. The principal pillars of the Thai economy remain agriculture, processing and export of agricultural products, including rice, plus livestock. Foreign investment and tourism are also playing an important role in the Thai economy.
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy; the King is officially the head of state and head of the army forces. King Rama IX, the ninth of the Chakri dynasty, holds the record for longevity at the head of the country since 1946. In 2011, Yingluck Shinawatra was elected Prime Minister of Thailand. She was the first woman to take the commands of the Thai government.
Thailand has a tropical and rather wet climate with two seasons. The summer or dry season lasts from December to April, while the winter or monsoon season lasts from late May till November. The dry season is shorter due to the proximity of the sea. The average temperature varies between 19 ºC and 38 ºC during this season.