About Myanmar


Myanmar (formerly referred to as Burma) is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia, bordered by India, Bangladesh, China, Laos, and Thailand, and defined by a 1,930 km-long coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea on its west.

After several monarchies and dynasties in its history, Myanmar became a British colony. In 1948 Myanmar became an independent, democratic nation until 1962 when the form of government changed to a military dictatorship. For many years Myanmar’s 153 ethnic groups were involved in consequent civil wars, highlighting their differences in history, culture, and language. Nowadays, the Burman ethnic group makes up about two-thirds of the total population, which is estimated at 54 million. Since 2011, Myanmar has been ruled by a nominally civilian government.

A mainly Buddhist country, temples and pagodas are part of the backdrop of Myanmar. Downtime has a quieter pace in Myanmar, and outside the cities, there are very few activities happening, as locals take it easy during the hot and humid days. Temperatures during the summer months can reach up to 36°C, and during the winter temperatures are around 22°C.

In the cities, there are small markets and outdoor concerts, showcasing the local traditions.

Myanmar’s economy is gradually on the rise. In the past, it has been stunted by climate catastrophes, such as floods, as well as by political issues, such as sanctions on overseas trading. However, as it becomes a more politically stable country, so does its economy. The country's main income is from agriculture (mostly rice), but expats are also likely to find employment in the manufacturing industry and the nonprofit sector, depending on their skills and experience.