It is recommended that you inquire on India's labor market beforehand if you intend to travel there. Here is an overview.
India is a choice destination for many expatriates worldwide thanks to its wide and developed economy. Indeed, the country ranks 8th among the world's most powerful economies with a 5,4% growth rate in 2014 which is estimated at 6,6% in 2015. Moreover, in 2014, India ranked 9th among the world's best destinations in terms of expatriation, not only for its huge historical and cultural heritage, but also for a very low cost of living along with several opportunities.
Over the years, many foreign companies, including international and multinational firms, have set up branches in the country. This has given a new dynamism to the national economy, and created thousands of jobs alongside. Although the number of foreigners moving to India has considerably decreased since 2012, the country still remains attractive for various reasons.
India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) amounted to US$ 1,877 billions in 2013 and to some US$ 2,048 billions in 2014. The country's economy mainly relies on the services sector, followed by industry and agriculture. Year after year, other emerging sectors such as information and communication technology, agri-food, the manufacturing sector, etc, have also boosted the national economy. Moreover, the government has recently announced a series of reforms so as to further boost the economy.
Note that India hosts many international and multinational companies which are involved in different spheres of the economy. Therefore, you should be able to find a job quite easily.
You are more likely to be hired in the following fields if you have the qualifications and skills required by the local labor market: telecommunications, information and communication technology, high technologies, energy, petrochemicals, water treatment, engineering, hospitality, health care, pharmaceuticals, infrastructure, distribution, etc. The textiles and fashion industries are also very promising thanks to the number of luxurious shopping malls in major cities.
Good to know:
Young degree holders having at least two years' experience in their respective fields are more likely to be hired given that India already has a wide pool of qualified youngsters. Note that a good command of English is highly required.
Finally, local and foreign small and medium enterprises also provide jobs, both to Indians and foreign nationals.
To be allowed to work in India, you must have landed a job, that is, have secured an employment contract beforehand. The contract should clearly stipulate your working conditions as concluded between your host company and you, as well as its duration and the agreed salary. In general, employment contracts in India have a fixed term, but can be renewed as many times as both parties wish to.
In case of termination of contract, managerial staff have a one to three months' notice.
Each State has set a minimum salary according to different types of jobs under three categories: unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled). However, these are rather low compared to other countries, that is, an average of US$ 128 per month and an average of US$ 1,530 per year. Note that salaries are revised every semester according to the inflation rate. Extra-hours, for their part, are paid double.
The number of legal working hours generally varies from one sector to another. Hence, a manual industrial worker may have to work for 9 hours a day, that is more than 48 hours a week. Taking into account extra hours performed, a legal working week can amount to a maximum of 60 hours. Moreover, the legal working week consists of 6 days.
Good to know:
Women, in India, cannot be forced to work before 6 am and after 7 pm.
Once you have worked for at least 240 within the same company, you will be entitled to 20 days paid leaves per year. In some fields, employees are entitled to 21 days paid leaves.
Retirement age in India has been fixed at 60 years.
Finally, you will enjoy several public holidays during your stay in India. However, these generally vary from one State to another, and according to the lunar calendar. The most regular public holidays are the following: New Year (January 1st), the Republic Day (January 26th ), Independence Day (August 15th), Gandhi Jayanti (October 2nd), etc.
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