Close

Working in India

Recommend

India has been a hub of diverse employment opportunities, attracting several expatriates from different parts of the world. Being one of the most powerful economies in the world, India’s growth rate reached 7.6% in 1015-2016 as against 5.6% in 2012-2013. The economy is quite diverse and a multitude of international companies have set up their branches in the country, thus widening job opportunities in the country. There are also multinationals headquartered in the country.

 

India's economy

India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) amounted to US$ 2,048 billion in 2014, which is expected to reach US$2.628trillion in 2017. The economy is dominated by the service sector (followed by industry and agriculture), which accounted for 53.4% of GVA in 2015-2016. In terms of employment, the share of service sector is higher in urban areas and minimal in rural regions.

Over the years, the country has witnessed the mushrooming of several other sectors, like information  technology, agri-food, manufacturing and retail, that have also boosted the national economy. Moreover, the government has also come up with a series of reforms so as to further boost the economy.

Note that India hosts many international and multinational companies which are involved in different spheres of the economy. Hence, there are good chances that you will find a job quite easily.

Prospects

There are various opportunities available for educated and talented workforce. If you possess the desired qualifications and skills, you are likely to be hired in the following fields: information and communication technology, telecommunication, energy, petrochemicals, water treatment, engineering, hospitality, healthcare, pharmaceuticals, infrastructure etc..

Textiles and fashion industries have also emerged as promising sectors especially in major cities. Moreover, local and foreign, small and medium enterprises are playing a vital role in offering jobs options to Indians and foreign nationals.

Young degree holders with a minimum of two years of work experience in their respective fields are more likely to be hired as India already has a wide pool of qualified youngsters. A good command of English is necessary for most positions.

Working conditions in India

Contract

To be allowed to work in India, you must have an employment contract which must specify the basic working conditions, such as compensation, annual leave Generally employment contracts have a fixed term, but can be renewed with the consent of both the parties.

In case of termination of contract, managerial staff are provided with one to three months' notice.

Wages

Every state has a set of minimum salary that the employer is required to pay to his employee. This salary slab varies according to the nature of work which falls under three categories: unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled. Note that generally the average salary offered is relatively lower in India as compared to other countries. However, the salaries are revised every semester according to the inflation rate.

Moreover, there are  provisions of extra payment in case of extra-hours of work.Your contract of employment should include details of overtime pay rates and how they are to be worked out.

Working Hours

The number of legal working hours generally varies from one sector to another. However, the standard working hour in most cases range from 8 to 9 hours, that is 48 to 54 hours a week. Moreover, the legal working week consists of 6 days.The working time has been made more flexible for women. A woman employee cannot be forced to work before 6 am and after 7 pm.

Leaves and Holidays

Numbers of leaves entitlement in a company depends mainly upon state you are in. Every state has different leave entitlement and leave policies which should be seen before one defines leave policy of your company.However, the leave policy of a company cannot be less than that mentioned by the State’s shop and establishment act.

Generally it is a standard rule that on completion of  at least 240 days within the same company, you will be entitled to 20 days paid leaves per annum. In some fields, employees are entitled to 21 days paid leaves.

In India you will get to enjoy several public holidays every year. Total number of holidays granted will however differ from state to state and also according to the lunar calendar. Some of the regular public holidays that every company is bound to give include New Year (January 1st), the Republic Day (January 26th ), Independence Day (August 15th), Gandhi Jayanti (October 2nd), etc.

Retirement

The retirement age in India has been fixed at 60 years.

 Useful links :

Ministry of Labor and Employment
India Official Portal – Work and employment

We do our best to provide accurate and up to date information. However, if you have noticed any inaccuracies in this article, please let us know in the comments section below.
Recommend
expat.com Your favourite team
Member since 01 June 2008
Small earth, Mauritius
Write a comment

See also

Want to become a digital nomad in India? The digital nomad's guide to India will help you make the most of your nomadic life abroad.
There are a number of ways to find a job in India. Expats can search online, use a recruitment agency or even attend job fairs.
India's capital city, New Delhi, is a major economic centre, offering expats who wish to live there plenty of job opportunities.
Mumbai is one of India's largest cities and is a major contributor to the country's economy. Expats can expect to find a wealth of job opportunities there.
The IT, biotech startup hub of Bangalore has a wide appeal amongst expats, with opportunities for jobseekers and entrepreneurs.

Moving to India

Find tips from professionals about moving to India

International Wealth Management

Get advice from well-reputed and experienced international wealth managers regarding your financial affairs

Travel insurance in India

Enjoy stress-free travel to India