If you have chosen to expatriate to Cambodia, here is what you need to know on the country's cities, population, economy, etc.
Moving to Cambodia can be a very enriching experience. In fact, over the years, Cambodia has been attracting many expatriates, namely for its safe and pleasant environment along with beautiful landscapes, quality accommodation in terms of prices, the ease of obtaining a visa, the absence of taxes and other duties, as well as its proximity with Bangkok, Hong Kong and Singapore.
But before you actually relocate there, you are advised to make several short trips there so as to get acquainted with its environment, its people's lifestyle, etc. You can as well inquire about these on the Internet, especially on expatriate forums if you wish to settle there on a long term.
Geography and demography
Located on the Indochinese Peninsula, Cambodia is bordered by Thailand, Laos in the North and Vietnam in the South and East. Stretching over 181,040 km², it can be compared to the State of Missouri, in the United States of America. The country's landscape consists of large alluvial plains, mountains, not to mention the famous Mekong River which is found the east and the Tonle Sap lake which is its natural storage basin.
Phnom Penh, which is its capital city, hosts around 1.55 million inhabitants. Most of the Cambodians speak Khmer, but you also have some Vietnamese, Cham and even Chinese and Thai speaking communities. The national currency is the “riel”, but many important transactions take place in US dollars.
Good to know:
Cambodia is a Kingdom which is governed by a constitutional monarchy. Its inhabitants live in a multi liberal democracy.
You will probably be moving to Cambodia in the context of a job transfer or in a job quest. Note that unemployment rate in the country turns around 3% and 3.5% among the active population, which is relatively low company to many European countries. In fact, Cambodians are quite qualified and skilled in many fields.
Cambodia's economy is mainly based on agriculture, including rice, maize, tobacco, meat, sugar, coffee, flour, dairy products, etc, as well as fishing, forestry and mining. Moreover, the country is rich in natural resources such as timber, gemstones, iron ore, bauxite, gas, rubber, and even oil. Over the years, the country became famous in terms of raw materials and textiles, shoe manufacturing, cement, cigarettes, etc.
Finally, insurance, education, health, banking, tourism and public services are other major sources of revenue and employment. So much so that the World Bank seems to be really optimistic regarding the Cambodian economy. In 2014, growth rate stood at 7.2% for 2014 thanks to textiles, construction and the services fields. Growth rate is estimated at 7.5% in 2015.
Cambodia enjoys a tropical climate with alternating seasons, that is the rainy season and the dry season. When it is hot and humid, temperatures vary between 10 °C and 38 °C. The dry season is again divided into two seasons, that is the rainy season which goes from June to October with temperatures ranging between 27 °C and 35 °C and the cool dry season which goes from November to February with temperatures ranging between 17 °C and 27 °C. The hot dry season, for its part, last from March to May with temperatures ranging between 29 °C and 38 °C.
The Cambodian population consists of Buddhists (Theravada), which are deemed to be the majority, as well as Muslims and Christians.