About Chad

Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked monarchy in Central Africa, which borders with Sudan (east), Libya (north), Niger (west), Nigeria and Cameroon (south-west), and the Central African Republic (south). Chad (along with Cameroon) is the home of Lake Chad, which is the world’s 17th largest lake, and the driver of the region’s economic growth, as it provides water to around 70 million people from four different countries.

The population of Chad is about 12 million coming from 200 different ethnic groups, and the primary spoken languages are French and Arabic. There are two predominant religions in Chad — the Arab-Muslim and the Christian — which prevail in different parts of the country. Precisely, the north region is Arab-Muslim, and the population of the south region are Christians and animists. This kind of division based on beliefs has been the reason for civil and political unrest, and general instability in the country since its independence from France, in 1960.

The main economy boosters in Chad are the oil, textile, construction materials, beer brewing, and meatpacking sectors. Oil accounts for 60% of all exports, but the latest decrease in oil prices has had a notable impact on Chad’s economy. There have been some foreign investments in Chad, particularly in banking and telecommunications, but the lack of development and high level of corruption has stunted economic growth.