Before moving to Cameroon, you should be aware of the country's health care system and on health risks. Here is an overview.
Like many African countries, health hazards exist in Cameroon. Hence, a complete medical examination is required before you move there. You will also have to be vaccinated against some diseases such as hepatitis A and B, meningitis A and G, polio, tetanus and typhoid, especially if you are traveling there between December and July. Note that vaccination is required for all travelers, regardless of their nationality and country of origin. This will also determine whether or not you are eligible to a visa for Cameroon.
As there is a high risk of malaria in the country, you are strongly advised to protect yourself against mosquitoes which are the main transmission vector of this disease. You may also request the chemo-prophylaxis treatment which may be necessary in certain conditions. It is best to seek relative information with your doctor in your home country before traveling.
A good health hygiene is also recommended once you are in Cameroon. Hence, you are advised to avoid drinking tap water, exposure to the sun and extreme heat, as well as insect bites.
Health care system
Cameroon's health care system is controlled by the Ministry of Public Health. It consists of several hospitals including provincial hospitals and district health care centers which are controlled by a Provincial Public Health Delegation. The two major general hospitals are found in Yaoundé and Douala. You will also find obstetric, pediatric and gynecology hospitals, a CHU, nine provincial hospitals and 143 district health care centers in total.
Note that public health care services in Cameroon are free of charge.
The National Social Insurance Fund (NSIF) has three branches, namely for work accidents and occupational diseases, family benefits and disability, retirement and care for widows/widowers. However, it does not cover self-employed people. Moreover, there is no provision in the labor law regarding medical expenses of employees by the NSIF or their employers.
However, the Labor Code requires employers to provide their employees with health care services, that is, traditional medical visits. In case of temporary incapacity, wages must be maintained.
Most employees in Cameroon, both locals and foreigners, are required to subscribe for a private health insurance. This is not supported by the employer.